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2013 Resources on Global Change in Coastal Ecosystems

Metcalf Institute for Marine & Environmental Reporting
15th Annual Science Immersion Workshop for Journalists
Coastal Impacts: Global Change in Coastal Ecosystems
June 9-14, 2013

General | Sunday | Monday | Tuesday | Wednesday | Thursday | Friday

All links retrieved on 06/03/2013 unless otherwise noted.

General Reference Information

Program Partners
University of Rhode Island.

University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography.

University of Rhode Island Office of Marine Programs.

University of Rhode Island Coastal Resources Center.

University of Rhode Island College of Environment & Life Sciences (CELS).

RI Coastal Resources Management Council.

U.S. Department of Agriculture. Natural Resources Conservation Service.

City of Providence Planning & Development.

The Nature Conservancy, CT.

Providence Water.

Narragansett Bay
Jeffries, P. (2000). Narragansett Bay: The World’s Finest Estuary. Maritimes. Winter 2000.

Science and Environmental Journalism References
Nijhuis, M. (2011). It’s Not (Always) About the Lorax: The Last Word On Nothing.

Fox, F. (2011). A Few Simple Checks Would Transform Science Reporting. New Scientist. Dec. 2011.

Journalist’s Resource. Journalist’s Guide.

Kloor, K. (2012). The Rift Between Journalism and Science

NASW. Twenty-five rules for good writing. National Association of Science Writers.

The Pew Research Center’s Project for Excellence in Journalism

Society of Environmental Journalists. Recommended Reading.

State of the News Media

Tomlinson, T. (2013, April 12) Liner notes: Storytelling with Gordon Lightfoot. Nieman Storyboard.

Global Change
Barnosky, A.D., et al. (2012, June 7) Approaching a state shift in Earth’s biosphere. Nature. 486: 52-58.

Brewer, J. (2008) New Directions in Climate Change: Vulnerability, Impacts, and Adaptation Assessment. National Research Council.

Brook, E. (2008, May 15) Paleoclimate: windows on the greenhouse. Nature, 453(7093): 579-581.

Carbon Dioxide information Analysis Center.

Coumou, D. and S. Rahmstorf. (2012) A decade of weather extremes. Nature Climate Change 2.7 (491-496).

Diffenbaugh, N.S. (2013) A behind-the-curtain look at the science of climate and extreme weather. Weather Underground.

Fogarty, M., et al. (2007) Potential Climate Change Impacts on Marine Resources of the Northeastern United States. Northeast Climate Impacts Assessment.

Frumhoff, P. C., McCarthy, J.J., Melillo, J.M., Moser, S.C., and D.J. Wuebbles. (2007, July) Confronting Climate Change in the U.S. Northeast: Science, Impacts, and Solutions. Synthesis report of the Northeast Climate Impacts Assessment (NECIA). Union of Concerned Scientists.

Gifford, R., Kormos, C., and A. McIntyre. (2011) Behavioral dimensions of climate change: drivers, responses, barriers, and interventions. WIREs Climate Change.

Goldstone, H. (2011, March 2) Climate change threatens New Engalnd’s offshore liquid assets – phytoplankton. Climatide.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, and R. Reudy. (2012, March 29) Perception of climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Harvell, C.D., et al. (2002, June 21) Climate Warming and Disease Risks for Terrestrial and Marine Biota. Science. 296: 2158-2162.

Harvey, F. (2012, September 5) Climate change is already damaging global economy, report finds. The Guardian.

Heffner, L., et al. (2012) Climate Change & Rhode Island’s Coasts. URI Graduate School of Oceanography and URI Coastal Resources Center.
This report elaborates on the current trends and consequences of climate change as seen in the state of Rhode Island. The report includes extensive “Literature Cited” and “Climate Change References” sections that are useful resources for further information.

Hough-Guldberg, O., and J.F. Bruno. (2010) The impacts of climate change on the world’s marine ecosystems. Science. 328: 1523-1528.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Activities: Fifth Assessment Report.

Joint Ocean Commission Initiative. (2009, April) Changing Oceans, Changing World.

Karl, T.R., J.M. Melillo and T.C. Peterson. (2009) Global Climate Change Impacts in the U.S. A report of the U.S. Global Change Research Program.

Kloor, K. (2011, November 30) Can Journalists Better Capture the Nuances of Climate Science? The Yale Forum on Climate Change & The Media.

Kloor , K. (2012, March 19) Who Do You “Outsource” to on Climate Science? The Yale Forum on Climate Change & The Media.‘outsource’-to-on-climate-science/

Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., Roser-Renouf, C., & Hmielowski, J. D. (2012) Extreme Weather,

Climate and Preparedness in the American Mind. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Project on Climate Change Communication.

Leiserowitz, A., E. W. Maibach, C. Roser-Renouf, N. Smith, and E. Dawson, (in press). Climategate, Public Opinion, and the Loss of Trust.

National Research Council. (2010) Education and Communication. In Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change. (251-281). National Academies Press.

Liu, J.P., Curry, J.A., Wang, H., Song, M., and R.M. Horton. (2012) Impact of declining Arctic sea ice on winter snowfall. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109(17): 6781-6783.

Miller-Rushing, A.J. and R.B. Primack. (2008) Global warming and flowering times in Thoreau’s Concord: A community perspective. Ecology, 89(2): 332-341.

Milly, P., et al. (2008) Climate change: stationarity is dead: whither water management? Science, 319(5863): 573- 574. Claims that current water resource management techniques are insufficient due to climate change.

Northeast Climate Impacts Assessment.

National Drought Mitigation Center. Rhode Island State Drought Planning.
Website portal that offers real-time ocean data for various coastal sections of the country

National Ecology Observatory Network.

National Wildlife Federation. (2012) Ruined Summer: How Climate Change Scorched the Nation.

National Climate Assessment and Development Advisory Committee. (2013, January 11) Global Climate Change Impacts in the U.S. A report of the U.S. Global Change Research Program. (Current draft open for public review.)

National Climate Assessment and Development Advisory Committee. U.S. Global Change Research Program National Climate Assessment. (The next National Climate Assessment is scheduled to be completed in 2013.) Information about the current assessment:

Norberg, J., Urban, M.C., Vellend, M., Klausmeier, C.A., and N. Loeuille. (2012) Eco-evolutionary responses of biodiversity to climate change. Nature Climate Change, 2(10): 747-751.

Pew Center on Global Climate Change. Climate Change 101: Understanding and Responding to Global Climate Change (Overview). Link to full series:

R.I. Sea Grant. (2011, November 18) Climate Change and Coastal Adaption in Rhode Island Symposium.

Saltmarsh Habitat & Avian Research Program (SHARP).
SHARP is a large collaborative initiative to conserve the tidal-marsh bird community of the Atlantic seaboard. In the long-term, the project’s goal is to provide a regionally consistent platform for tidal marsh monitoring in the face of anticipated sea-level rise and upland/watershed development. The “Public Downloads” page features maps with historical data, descriptions of field methods, presentations, and relevant literature.

Samenow, J. (2013, May 22) Lots of talk, few conclusions on climate change and tornadoes. The Washington Post.

Schiermeler, Q. (2013, April 11) Climate change brings stormier weather to the US. Nature.

Skeptical Science. Explaining climate change science & rebutting global warming misinformation.

The Ultimate Climate Change FAQ. Compiled by The Guardian.

U.S. Climate Change Policy Action at the State Level. This list, compiled by the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions, provides links to climate change legislation, statewide climate change commissions, and climate action plans around the U.S. The list is not exhaustive, but provides a good starting point for additional information.

The Ultimate Climate Change FAQ. Compiled by The Guardian.

The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR). Global Warming & Climate Change – Frequently Asked Questions.

University of Wisconsin-Madison. Regional Governance Evaluation. Water Sustainability and Climate in the Yahara River Watershed.
Includes a great list of references for further pursuing climate change information.

Woods Hole Research Center. Understanding Climate Change: A Primer.

Data Sources
Census of Marine Life

Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets

National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center.
Provides a variety of data sets using remotely sensed (satellite) data for forecasting harmful algal blooms, tracking dust storms, and linking agricultural practices to phytoplankton blooms, among others.

National Nutrient Database

National Ocean Economics Program
Established in 1999, the National Ocean Economics Program (NOEP) provides a full range of the most current policy-relevant economic and demographic information available on changes and trends along the U.S. coast, Great Lakes, and coastal waters. The NOEP delivers its information through searchable databases available on this site, as well as through published articles and reports.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Annual Greenhouse Gas Index.
The AGGI is a measure of the warming influence supplied by long-lived trace gases and how that influence is changing each year. The index was designed to enhance the connection between scientists and society by providing a normalized standard that can be easily understood and followed. The warming influence supplied by long-lived greenhouse gases is well understood by scientists and has been reported by NOAA through a range of national and international assessments. Nevertheless, the language of scientists often eludes policy makers, educators, and the general public. This index is designed to help bridge that gap. The AGGI provides a way for this warming influence to be presented as a simple index.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Climate Program Office. Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments.

University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography Phytoplankton Survey

University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography Fish Trawl

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Sea Level Rise Reports

U.S. Geological Survey Center of Excellence for Geospatial Information Science

Williams, M. (2009, April) Beyond Google: From better searches to the invisible web.

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Scientific Method, Peer Review, Ethics

Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
Master list of “free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals” (7000 entries as of September 2011).

Doubtful News. Media Guide to Skepticism.

Ethical Guidelines for Publishing. (2011) American Chemical Society. ACS Publications. December 31, 2011.

Jennings, C. (2006) Quality and Value: The True Purpose of Peer Review. Nature.

National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine. (1995) On Being a Scientist: Responsible Conduct in Research. Second Edition.
Discusses of the social and historical context of science, the allocation of credit for discovery, the scientist’s role in society, the issues revolving around publication, and more.

Note section on conflicts of interest in science:

Nature. Special Issue on Peer Review.

Rabinowitz, G. and E.J. Dennis. (2013, April 12) 5 Steps to Separate Science from Hype, No PhD Required. The Incubator. The Rockefeller University.

Ritter, S.K. (2001) Publication Ethics. Chemical & Engineering News. Nov. 12, 2001.

Sagan, C. (1997) Baloney Detection Kit (excerpted from The Demon Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark).

Sense About Science. (2013). I Don’t Know What to Believe: Making sense of science stories.

Sense About Science. (2013) Peer Review: The Nuts and Bolts. Video of workshop about peer review process held May 31, 2013.
These blogs summarize what (some) journalists and scientists wish people on the other side of the fence knew about their professions. What do you think?

Orzel, Chad. (2013, May 28) How journalists can help the scientists they interview.

Yong, E. (2013) A Guide for Scientists on Giving Comments to Journalists. National Geographic Online.

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Forest Management and Watersheds

Amatya, D.M. and Radecki-Pawlik. (2007) Flow Dynamics of Three Experimental Forested Watersheds in Coastal South Carolina (USA). ACTA Scientiarum Polonorum, Formatio Circumiectus, 6(2), 3-17.

Amatya, D.M., Sun, G., Trettin, C.C., and R.W. Skaggs. (2013, October 27-30) Long-Term Forest Hydrologic Monitoring in Coastal Carolinas. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, 279-285.

Barlow, P.M. Ground Water in Freshwater-Saltwater Environments of the Atlantic Coast. USGS.

Barnes, M.C., Todd, A.H., Lilja, R.W., and P.K. Barten. (2009, June). Forests, Water and People: Drinking water supply and forest lands in the Northeast and Midwest United States. United States Department of Agriculture.

Ellison, A.M., et al. (2005) Loss of foundation species: consequences for the structure and dynamics of forested ecosystems. The Ecological Society of America. Frontiers in Ecology 3(9):479-486.

Engelhaupt, E. (2008, August 15) In a changing climate, cities worsen water quality. Environmental Science & Technology. American Chemical Society.

Farley, K.A., Jobbágy, E.G., and R.B. Jackson. (2005) Effects of afforestation on water yield: a global synthesis with implications for policy. Global Change Biology, 11(10), 1565-1576.

Furniss, M.J., et al. (2010) Water, climate change, and forests: watershed stewardship for a changing climate. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.

Harder, S.V., Amatya, D.M., Callahan, T.J., Trettin, C.C., and J. Hakkila. (2007, June) Hydrology and water budget for a forested Atlantic coastal plain watershed, South Carolina. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 43(3): 563-575.

Harvard Forest Climate Change Research. Descriptions of long-term research at the Harvard Forest ranging from identification of ragweed hotspots to forests’ absorption of atmospheric carbon dioxide to the effects of warming soil.

Holtsmark, B. (2012) The outcome is in the assumptions: analyzing the effects on atmospheric CO2 levels of increased use of bioenergy from forest biomass. GCB Bioenergy.

Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study (at Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest in southern NH). Fifty years of data shows a clear record of warming in lower elevations in New Hampshire. They use the small-watershed approach, comparing six parallel stream systems that have been manipulated in differing ways.

Ice, G.G. and J.D. Stednick. (2004) Forest Watershed Research in the United States. Forest History Today, Spring/Fall 2004, 16-26.

Kemp, W.M. et al. Modeling Hypoxia and Ecological Responses to Climate and Nutrients. Website of NOAA’s Coastal Hypoxia Research Program.

Kundzewicz, Z.W., et al. (2007) Fresh water resources and their management. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
(Reports the impacts of climate change on freshwater systems.)

Lowrance, R., et al. (1997). Water Quality Functions of Riparian Forest Buffers in Chesapeake Bay Watersheds. Environmental Management, 21(5): 687-712.

Regional Plan Association. Northeast Landscapes.

Rustad, L., et al. (2012) Changing climate, changing forests: The impacts of climate change on forests of the northeastern United States and Eastern Canada. General Technical Report NRS-99.

Stanturf, J.A., Goodrick, S.L., and K.W. Outcalt. (2007) Disturbance and coastal forests: a strategic approach to forest management in hurricane impact zones. Forest Ecology Management, 250: 119-135.

USDA. (2012) Cumulative Effects of Succession, Management, and Disturbance on Forest Landscapes. Forest Disturbance Processes.

U.S. EPA. How’s My Waterway?
“Learn the condition of local streams, lakes and other waters anywhere in the US… quickly and in plain language. See if your local waterway was checked for pollution, what was found, and what is being done. The source of this information is a US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) database of State water quality monitoring reports provided under the Clean Water Act.

U.S. EPA. Monitoring and Assessing Water Quality.

U.S. EPA. National Aquatic Resource Surveys.

U.S. EPA. (2013, February 28) National Rivers and Streams Assessment 2008-2009: A Collaborative Survey.

U.S. EPA. Office of Water Website.

U.S. EPA. Water Quality Assessment and Total Maximum Daily Loads Information. U.S. EPA Watershed Assessment, Tracking & Environmental Results.

USDA. Forest Watershed Science Research Work Unit. Virginia Tech.

Van Breemen, N., et al. (2002) Where did all the nitrogen go? Fate of nitrogen inputs to large watersheds in the northeastern U.S.A. Biogeochemistry, 57-58: 267-293.

Willis, C.G., Ruhfel, B., Primack, R.B., Miller-Rushing, A.J., and C.C. Davis. (2008) Phylogenetic patterns of species loss in Thoreau’s woods are driven by climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 105(44): 17029-17033.

Forest Management and Watersheds: Journalism Resources
Science Daily. (2007 November 7) Climate change threatens drinking water, as rising sea penetrates coastal aquifers. ScienceDaily.

Reports on salt water intrusion due to sea level rise.

Loomis, B. (2012, May 21) Our dying forests: Beetles gnaw through Utah, West. The Salt Lake Tribune.  (NOTE: Brandon Loomis won The Grantham Prize in 2012 for this series.)

Walton, B. (2013, May 23) Sequestration Takes a Big Cut from USGS Water Research Programs. Circle of Blue.

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Assessing Long-term Trends in Fisheries

Bell, R. (2006) Historical background and trends of Narragansett Bay. URI Graduate School of Oceanography.

Bohaboy, E. (2009) GSO Fisheries Survey: Methods and Equipment. URI Graduate School of Oceanography.

Branch, T.A., et al. (2010, November 18) The trophic fingerprint of marine fisheries.  Nature, 468: 431-435.

Cheung, W.W.L., et al. (2012, September 30) Shrinking of fishes exacerbates impacts of global ocean changes on marine ecosystems. Nature Climate Change, 3: 254-258.

Cochrane, K., De Young, C., Soto, D., and T. Bahri. (2009) Climate change implications for fisheries and aquaculture: overview of current scientific knowledge. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper. No. 530. Rome, FAO.

Collie, J., Wood, A., and H.P. Jeffries. (2008) Long-term shifts in the species composition of a coastal fish community. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 65(7), 1352-1365.

Essington, T.E., Beaudreau, A.H., and J. Wiedenmann. (2006, February 28) Fishing through marine food webs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 103(9): 3171-3175.

Food and Agricultural Organization. (2012) The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2012. Rome.

Hare, J. A., et al. (2010) Forecasting the dynamics of a coastal fishery species using a coupled climatepopulation model. Ecological Society of America. Ecological Applications, 20(2): 452-464.

Taylor, D. (2000). Sampling the Bay Over the Long Term. Maritimes. Winter 2000.

Jensen, O.P., Branch, T.A., and R. Hilborn. (2012) Marine fisheries as ecological experiments. Theoretical Ecology, 5(1): 3-22.

Melnychuk, M.C., et al. (2012, September) Can catch share fisheries better track management targets? Fish and Fisheries, 13(3): 267-290.

Neubauer, P., Jensen, O.P., Hutchings, J.A., and J.K. Baum. (2013, April 19) Resilience and Recovery of Overexploited Marine Populations. Science, 340(6130): 347-349.

Nye, J.A., Link, J.S., Hare, J.A. and W.J. Overholtz. (2009, October 30) Changing spatial distribution of fish stocks in relation to climate and population size on the Northeast United States continental shelf. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 393: 111-129.

Payne, M.R. (2013, May 16) Fisheries: Climate change at the dinner table. Nature, 497: 320-321.

Pinsky, M.L., Jensen, O.P., Ricard, D., and S.R. Palumbi. (2011, May 2) Unexpected patterns of fisheries collapse in the world’s oceans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2011.

Sethi, S.A., Branch, T.A., and R. Watson. (2010, July 6) Global fishery development patterns are driven by profit but not trophic level. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(27): 12163-12167.

Vert-pre, K.A., Amoroso, R.O., Jensen, O.P., and R. Hilborn. (2013, January 15). Frequency and intensity of productivity regime shifts in marine fish stocks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Windecker, L. (2007) A Brief Annotated Guide to Narragansett Bay Phytoplankton. URI Graduate School of Oceanography.

Worm, B., et al. (2009, July 31) Rebuilding Global Fisheries. Science 235(5940): 1-46, 578-585.

Fisheries Public Policy Resources
Allison, E.H., et al. (2009) Vulnerability of National Economies to the Impacts of Climate Change on Fisheries. Fish and Fisheries. 10(2): 173-196.

The Pew Charitable Trusts. (2013, May 6) The Law That’s Saving American Fisheries: The Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act.

Science Translation
Bailey, R.A., et al. (2011) Sense About Science and Straight Statistics: Making Sense of Statistics. Sense About Science. 16 pp.

Cumming, G., Fidler, F., and D.L. Vaux. (2007, April 9) Error bars in experimental biology. The Journal of Cell Biology. 177(1): 7-11.

Franzke, C. (2013, April 11) A novel method to test for significant trends in extreme values in serially dependent time series. Geophysical Research Letters. 40(7): 1391-1395.

Jacobs, S.S., Jenkins, A., Giulivi, C.F., and P. Dutrieux. (2011, August) Stronger ocean circulation and increased melting under Pine Island Glacier ice shelf. Nature Geoscience. 4: 519-523.

Oviatt, C.A. (2004, December) The Changing Ecology of Temperate Coastal Waters During A Warming Trend. Estuaries. 27(6): 895-904.

Phillips, P.J., et al. (2012) Combined Sewer Overflows: An Environment Source of Hormones and Wastewater Micropollutants. Environmental Science & Technology. 46: 5336-5343.

Ridder, N.N., Meissner, K.J, and M.H. England. (2013) Sensitivity of the oceanic carbon reservoir to tropical surface wind stress variations. Geophysical Research Letters. 40: 1-6.

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Climate Change Adaptation

Climate Change Adaptation: Science Resources
Brewer, J. (2008) New Directions in Climate Change: Vulnerability, Impacts, and Adaptation Assessment. National Research Council. Retrieved on May 27, 2009 from

CICEET. Project Brief – Get SMART, Model predicts the outcome of proposed salt marsh restoration projects.

Crow, C. (2010) Establishing Vertical Control & Geospatial Infrastructure for Monitoring Sea Level Rise. National Geodetic Survey.

Epstein, P.R., Meginness, S., Rich, J., Swartz, R., McGuire, J., and J. Auerbach. (2003, August) Urban Indicators of Climate Change. Center for Health and the Global Environment, Harvard Medical School and The Boston Public Health Commission.

Freedman, J. (2012) Losing Ground: Coastal Erosion in Rhode Island.
This presentation by Janet Freedman, coastal geologist with the R.I. Coastal Resources Management Council, describes some of the erosion threats Rhode Island’s coastal areas are facing, as well as efforts the state is undertaking to help municipalities and property owners address these problems.

Fuller, R., et al. (2011, October). Marshes on the Move: A Manager’s Guide to Understanding and Using Model Results Depicting Potential Impacts of Sea Level Rise on Coastal Wetlands. NOAA and The Nature Conservancy. NOAA Coastal Services Center.

Gedan, K.B., Altieri, A.H., and M.D. Bertness. (2011). Uncertain Future of New England Salt Marshes. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 434: 229-237.

Hammar-Klose, E.S. and E.R. Thieler. (2001) Coastal Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise: A Preliminary Database for the U.S. Atlantic, Pacific and Gulf of Mexico Coasts. USGS. U.S. Geological Survey Digital Data Series – 68.

Kirshen, P., Knee, K., and M. Ruth. (2008) Climate change and coastal flooding in Metro Boston: impacts and adaptation strategies. Climatic Change.

Kirshen, P., Merrill, S., Slovinsky, P., and N. Richardson. (2012) Simplified method for scenario-based risk assessment adaptation planning in the coastal zone. Climatic Change.

Lin, N., Emanuel, K., Oppenheimer, M., and E. Vanmarcke. (2012) Physically based assessment of hurricane surge threat under climate change. Nature Climate Change, 2(6): 462-467.

Martinich, J., Neumann, J.E., Ludwig, L. and L. Jantarasami. (2012) Risks of sea level rise to disadvantaged communities in the United States. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change.

Meehl, G.A., et al. (2012) Relative outcomes of climate change mitigation related to global temperature versus sea-level rise. Nature Climate Change, 2(8): 576-580.

Morello, L. (2013, March 28) Poll finds U.S. support for adaption to climate change. Nature.

Neumann, J.E., Hudgens, D.E., Herter, J. and J. Martinich. (2010) The economics of adaptation along developed coastlines. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews (WIREs) Climate Change, 2(1): 89-98.

Nicholls, R.J. and A. Cazenave. (2010) Sea-Level Rise and Its Impact on Coastal Zones. Science, 328: 1517-1520.

NOAA. Digital Coast. NOAA Coastal Services Center.

NOAA. State of the Coast. This site compiles data, maps, and other resources about a variety of coastal issues, including climate change, ecosystems, economy, and communities.

Rosenzweig, et al. (2011) Developing coastal adaptation to climate change in the New York City infrastructure-shed: Process, approach, tools, and strategies. Climatic Change, 106, 93-127.

Sallenger, A.H., Doran, K.S., and P.A. Howd. (2012) Hotspot of accelerated sea-level rise on the Atlantic coast of North America. Nature Climate Change, 2(12), 884-888.

Saltmarsh Habitat & Avian Research Program (SHARP)
SHARP is a large collaborative initiative to conserve the tidal-marsh bird community of the Atlantic seaboard. In the long-term, the project’s goal is to provide a regionally consistent platform for tidal marsh monitoring in the face of anticipated sea-level rise and upland/watershed development. The “Public Downloads” page features maps with historical data, descriptions of field methods, presentations, and relevant literature.

Sanchez-Rodriguez, R., Fragkias, M., and W. Solecki. (2008, June) Urban Responses to Climate Change: A Workshop Report. Urbanization and Global Environmental Change, IHDP.

Sea Level Rise Scenarios and Coastal Change Science Informs Local and Global Communities. From NewsWave, Spring 2012 (Newsletter of the US Department of Interior).

Stormsmart Coasts.

Strauss, B.H., Ziemlinski, R., Weiss, J.L., and J.T. Overpeck, (2012) Tidally adjusted estimates of topographic vulnerability to sea level rise and flooding for the contiguous United States. Environmental Research Letters, 7(1): 014033.

Thieler, E.R., Williams, J., and E. Hammar-Klose. National Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise. USGS.

Tol, R.S.J., Klein, R.J.T., and R.J. Nicholls. (2008) Towards Successful Adaptation to Sea-Level Rise along Europe’s Coasts. Journal of Coastal Research, 24(2): 432-442.

Twohig, T.H. and M.H. Stolt. (2011) Soils-based rapid assessment for quantifying changes in salt marsh condition as a result of hydrologic alteration. Wetlands, 31: 955-963.

USCCP (2009) Coastal Sensitivity to Sea-Level Rise: A Focus on the Mid-Atlantic Region. USCCP.

United States Geological Survey. National Vulnerability to Sea Level Rise Annual Shoreline Change.

United States Geological Survey. Coastal Marsh Response to Climate and Land Use Change.

United States Geological Survey. Sea-level Rise Hazards and Decision Support, Sea-Level Rise.

Urban, M.C., De Meester, L., Vellend, M., Stoks, R., and J. Vanoverbeke. (2012) A crucial step toward realism: responses to climate change from an evolving metacommunity perspective. Evoluationary Applications, 5(2): 154-167.

Vinhateiro, N. (2008, September 11) Mapping technology needed to assess risk of sea level rise. South County Independent.

Climate Change Adaptation: Journalism Resources
Bidgood, J. (2012, May 12) In Rhode Island, Protecting a Shoreline and a Lifeline. The New York Times.

Bidgood, J. (2013, March 18) It’s Move It or Lose It in Path of a Nor’easter. The New York Times.

Gose, B. (2013, May 14) Rockefeller Pledges $100-Million to Help 100 Cities Cope With Crises. The Chronicle of Philanthropy.

Jaffe, E. (2013, May 2). Why Sewage Plants Are Especially Vulnerable to Climate Change. Atlantic Cities.

Klinenberg, E. (2013, January 7) Adaptation: How can cities be “climate-proofed?”. The New Yorker, pp. 32-37.

Life After Sandy. Series on WNYC.
“Over and over, we heard the word ‘unprecedented’ as people described the effects from this massive storm. There were lots of firsts, from flooded subway tunnels to massive school closures and destroyed communities. WNYC is following up with people and re-visiting some of the places that were most damaged to document what comes next.”

Marshall, B. (2013, February 21) New research: Louisiana coast faces highest rate of sea-level rise worldwide. The Lens.

Navaro, M. (2012, September 10) New York is Lagging as Seas and Risks Rise, Critics Warn. The New York Times.

Oakes, B. (2013, August 23) As climate changes, urban planners help cities adapt. WBUR.

Porter, E. (2013, May 14) For Insurers, No Doubts on Climate Change. The New York Times.

State of the Beaches. The New York Times.
In a series of articles, The New York Times “looked at the region’s battered beaches, in a survey covering three states and hundreds of miles of coastline.” 

Surging Seas: A Project of Climate Central.

Weeks, J. (2013, February 22) Coastal Development. The CQ Researcher, 23(8): 181-204.

Zolli, A. (2012, November 2) Learning to Bounce Back. The New York Times.

Zolli, A. (2012) Good-bye Sustainability, Hello Resilience. Conservation Magazine (Reprint).

Climate Change Adaptation: Public Policy Resources
Association of State Wetland Managers. Sea Level Rise Tools.

Bagley, K. (2013, January 16). Q&A: The Challenges of Facing Coming Climate Extremes. InsideClimate News.

The Bay Institute. The Horizontal Levee.
“The Horizontal Levee, The Bay Institute’s groundbreaking study about the economic value of tidal marshes, demonstrates conclusively that nature performs critical functions for society. During the current era of sea level rise, the forgotten marshlands of San Francisco Bay have become a critical adaptation tool.”

Carmin, J., Nadkarni, N., and C. Rhie. (2012) Progress and Challenges in Urban Climate Adaption Planning: Results of a Global Survey. MIT.

C-Change. Canada-Caribbean Coastal Climate Adaptation Strategies.


COINAtlantic. Coastal and Ocean Information Network.

Community & Regional Resilience Institute.

Douglas, E., Kirshen, P., Li, V., Watson, C., and J. Wormser. (2013, February) Preparing for the Rising Tide. The Boston Harbor Association.

Ecosystem Based Management Tools Network. Coastal Adaptation to Sea Level Rise Tool (COAST).

Farhat Kassab, S. (2013, March 7) Is the U.S. Insurance Industry Prepared for Climate Change? Analysis of first-ever industry-wide survey finds that only 23 of 184 companies have comprehensive climate change strategies, yet some leaders are emerging. Skoll Foundation.

GAO. (2013, April 12). Climate Change: Future Federal Adaptation Efforts Could Better Support Local Infrastructure Decision Makers. GAO-13-242, April 12.

Georgetown Climate Center.

Herweijer, C. (2008, April) How do coastal cities fare under rising flood risk? Catastrophic risk management.

Leichenko, R., McDermott, M., Bezborodko, E., and E. Namendorf. (2013, March) Economic Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Hazards and Climate Change: Building Resilience in the Barnegat Bay Region. Rutgers.

NatureServe. EBM Tools Network – Tools for Coastal Climate Adaptation Planning.

The New York Academy of Sciences. (2010, May) Climate Change Adaptation in New York City: Building a Risk Management Response. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1196, 1-354.

Oxfam. (2009, November 18) Introduction to Climate Change Adaptation: A Learning Companion.

PopTech. Climate Resilience Lab Resources.

Rhode Island Sea Grant. Sea Level Rise Mapping & Data Tools.
Provides information regarding vulnerability of North Kingstown, RI, to sea level rise including maps, the Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM), and the presentation, “Building blocks for Climate Change – Tools for Assessment and Planning (2011),” which addresses the need for adaption and mitigation in light of the impacts of a changing climate, particularly in North Kingstown.

Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment. (2013, March 28). Americans Back Preparation for Extreme Weather and Sea Level Rise.

Tulou. C. (2009) Resilient Coasts: A Blueprint for Action. The Heinz Center, Washington DC.

University of Rhode Island. (2013, April 8) URI, CRMC to develop plan to address coastal erosion, sea level rise in Rhode Island.

USAID. (2009, May). Adapting to Coastal Climate Change: A Guidebook for Development Planners. United States Agency for International Development.

U.S. EPA. Adaptation Efforts: New England States.

U.S. EPA. Climate Change Impacts and Adapting to Change.

U.S. Government Accountability Office. (2013, February 14) GAO Adds Financial risks of Climate Change and Gaps in Weather Satellite to “High Risk List”. GAO-13-242.

U.S. Government Accountability Office. (2013, April 12) Climate Change: Future Federal Adaptation Efforts Could Better Support Local Infrastructure Decision Makers. GAO.

State Coastal Zone Management Programs
Florida Department of Environmental Protection. Florida Coastal Management Program.

Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Coastal Management Program.

Maine Department of Agriculture, Conservation, and Forestry. Maine Coastal Program.

New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services. Coastal Program.

New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. Coastal Management Program.

New York State Department of State. Office of Communities & Waterfronts.

Oregon Coastal Management Program.

Texas General Land Office. Coastal Management Program.

U.S. Climate Change Policy Action at the State Level
This list, compiled by the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions, provides links to climate change legislation, statewide climate change commissions, and climate action plans around the U.S. The list is not exhaustive, but provides a good starting point for additional information.

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Paleoclimate and Ocean Acidification

Cheung, W., et al. (2010). Large scale redistribution of maximum fisheries catch potential in the global ocean under climate change. Global Change Biology, 16: 24-35.

Doney, S.C. and D. Schimel. (2007) Climate Change and Biogeochemical Impacts. eLS.

Fabry, V.J., et al. (2009). Ocean acidification at high latitudes: the bellwether. Oceanography, 22(4): 160-171.

Feely, R., et al. (2009). Ocean acidification: present conditions and future changes in a high-CO2 world. Oceanography, 22(4): 36-47.

Kump, L.R., Brawlower, T.J., and A. Ridgwell. (2009, December) Ocean Acidification in Deep Time. Oceanography, 22(4): 94-107.

NOAA. Ocean Carbon Uptake: How the oceans absorb carbon dioxide is critical for predicting climate change. PMEL Carbon Program.

NOAA. What is Ocean Acidification? PMEL Carbon Program.

Ocean Leadership. (2012, December 10) IODP Expedition 342, The Documentary!

Pälike, H., et al. (2012, August 30) A Cenozoic record of the equatorial Pacific carbonate compensation depth.  Nature, 488: 609-614.

Zeebe, R.E., Zachos, J.C., Caldeira, K., and T. Tyrrell. (2008, July 4) Carbon Emissions and Acidification. Science, 321(5885): 51-52.

Ocean Acidification: Journalism Resources
Friederici, P. (2013, May 2) A Key Experiment to Probe the Future of Our Acidifying Oceans. Environment 360.

Kunzig, R. (2011, October) Hothouse Earth – World Without Ice. National Geographic Magazine.

Mooney, C. (2013, May 10). The Hockey Stick: The Most Controversial Chart in Science, Explained. The Atlantic.

Romm, J. (2012, May 2) Science: Ocean Acidifying So Fast It Threatens Humanity’s Ability to Feed Itself. ClimateProgress.

Ocean Acidification Turns Projected Climate Change Winners Into Losers. Science Daily.

Ocean Acidification: Public Policy Resources
Huelsenbeck, M.  (2012) Ocean-based food security threatened in a high-CO2 world. Oceana. 16pp.

Science Translation
Han, W., et al. (2010, August) Patterns of Indian Ocean sea-level change in a warming climate. Nature Geoscience. 3: 546-550.

Madigan, D.J., Baumann, Z., and N.S. Fisher. (2012, June 12) Pacific Bluefin tuna transport Fukushima-derived radionuclides from Japan to California. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109(24): 9483-9486.

Oczkowski, A.J., et al. (2009, February 3) Anthropogenic enhancement of Egypt’s Mediterranean fishery. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 106(5): 1364-1367.

Ruff, T.W., and J.D. Neelin. (2012, February 25) Long tails in regional surface temperature probability distributions with implications for extremes under global warming. Geophysical Research Letters. 39: 1-6.

Yamamoto-Kawai, M., et al. (2009, November 20) Aragonite Undersaturation in the Arctic Ocean: Effects of Ocean Acidification and Sea Ice Melt. Science. 326: 1098-1100.

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Data Journalism

Bouchart , M. Data Journalism Blog.

Butler, R. (2009) Satellites and Google Earth prove potent conservation tool. Yale Environment 360. March 26, 2009.

Crittenden, C. (2013, January 22) Data visualization: New tools for illustration, insight and inspiration. UC Berkeley.

Digital Journalist’s Legal Guide. Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press

Global Editors Network. Data Journalism Awards. (Supported by Google.)

Google Earth Workbook. This is a handy how-to manual for customizing Google Maps.

IBM Research and the IBM Cognos Software Group. Many Eyes. (Can be used to create quick graphics just by cutting and pasting.)

Gray, Jonathan, Liliana Bounegru and Lucy Chambers, eds. (2011). The Data Journalism Handbook. Open Knowledge Foundation. Distributed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license.

McGhee, G. (2012) Journalism in the Age of Data. Stanford Knight Center.

Method, J. (2008) The Benefits of Computer-Assisted Reporting. Fall 2008.

Meyers, S. (2009) Using Data Visualization as a Reporting Tool Can Reveal Story’s Shape. Poynter Online.
April 14, 2009.

National Institute of Computer-Assisted Reporting. Investigative Reporters and Editors. lot of the action in this seminal community can be accessed via the NICAR-L listserv at

Overview Project.

Schwadron, T. Organizing a Campaign Toward Computer-Assisted Reporting Approaches. (Available to IRE members only.)

Thibodeaux. T. (2011) 5 Tips For Getting Started In Data Journalism. Poynter Institute. October 6, 2011.

Williams, M. (2009) Beyond Google: From Better Searches to Invisible Web.

Wilson, K. (2013, May 14) Data Journalism: GIJN’s Global Guide to Resources. Global Investigative Journalism Network.

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