2014 Resources on Climate Change in Coastal Ecosystems

16th Annual Science Immersion Workshop for Journalists

Climate Change in Coastal Ecosystems
June 1-6, 2014

2014 Annual Workshop Agenda

General | Building Blocks of Science | Extreme Weather & Climate Change | Ecosystem Effects of Climate Change
| Sea Level Rise & Climate Change Adaptation | Ocean Acidification | Intro to Statistics


General Reference Information

All links retrieved on 5/19/14 unless otherwise noted.

Program Partners
University of Rhode Island. http://www.uri.edu/

University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography. http://www.gso.uri.edu

University of Rhode Island Office of Marine Programs. http://omp.gso.uri.edu/ompweb

University of Rhode Island Coastal Resources Center. http://www.crc.uri.edu/

University of Rhode Island College of Environment & Life Sciences (CELS). http://web.uri.edu/cels/

City of Providence Planning & Development. http://www.providenceri.com/planning

Gilbane, Inc. http://www.gilbaneco.com/

Neighborhworks Blackstone River Valley. http://www.neighborworksbrv.org/

NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center. http://nefsc.noaa.gov/nefsc/Narragansett/

Rhode Island Coastal Resources Management Council. http://www.crmc.ri.gov/

Rutgers University Institute of Coastal and Marine Science. http://marine.rutgers.edu/main/

Save the Bay. http://www.savebay.org/

University of Connecticut Marine Sciences Program. http://www.marinesciences.uconn.edu/

Narragansett Bay
Jeffries, P. (2000). Narragansett Bay: The World’s Finest Estuary. Maritimes. Winter 2000.

Science and Environmental Journalism References
EcoLabs. Mapping Climate Communication Timeline poster – Version No. 1.
http://ecolabsblog.wordpress.com/2014/05/08/mapping-climate-communication-timeline-poster-version-no-1/
“This poster explores two decades of climate communication. It is the first iteration of a project mapping organizations, individuals, discourses, methods and funders that contribute to climate communication. The work visualizes research by Professor Max Boykoff (and others) using network visualizations, timelines and strategy maps.”

Fox, F. (2011). A Few Simple Checks Would Transform Science Reporting. New Scientist. Dec. 2011.
http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn21268-a-few-simple-checks-would-transform-science-reporting.html?full=true

Issues in Ecology. http://www.esa.org/esa/?page_id=1638
Published by the Ecological Society of America, these periodic publications devoted to reviews of specific topics use commonly-understood language to report the consensus of a panel of scientific experts on issues related to the environment.”

Journalist’s Resource. Journalist’s Guide. http://journalistsresource.org/journalists

Kloor, K. (2012). The Rift Between Journalism and Science
http://www.yaleclimatemediaforum.org/2012/01/the-rift-between-journalism-and-science/

Leslie, H.M., et al. (2013) How good science and stories can go hand-in-hand. Conservation Biology, 27(5): 1126-29. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12080

NASW. Twenty-five rules for good writing. National Association of Science Writers.
https://www.nasw.org/twenty-five-rules-good-writing

Nijhuis, M. (2011). It’s Not (Always) About the Lorax: The Last Word On Nothing.
http://www.lastwordonnothing.com/2011/11/28/its-not-always-about-the-lorax/#more-2972

Palmer, L. (2011) Show me the money. Nature Climate Change, 1: 376-380.
DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1262

The Pew Research Center’s Project for Excellence in Journalism
http://www.journalism.org/

Society of Environmental Journalists. Recommended Reading.
http://www.sej.org/library/journalismmedia/recommended-reading

State of the News Media
http://www.journalism.org/

Climate Change
Barnosky, A.D., et al. (2012, June 7) Approaching a state shift in Earth’s biosphere. Nature. 486: 52-58.
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v486/n7401/full/nature11018.html

Brewer, J. (2008) New Directions in Climate Change: Vulnerability, Impacts, and Adaptation Assessment.
National Research Council. http://books.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=12545&page=R1

Brook, E. (2008, May 15) Paleoclimate: windows on the greenhouse. Nature, 453(7093): 579-581.
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v453/n7193/full/453291a.html

Fogarty, M., et al. (2007) Potential Climate Change Impacts on Marine Resources of the Northeastern United States. Northeast Climate Impacts Assessment.
http://www.northeastclimateimpacts.org/pdf/miti/fogarty_et_al.pdf

Gifford, R., Kormos, C., and A. McIntyre. (2011) Behavioral dimensions of climate change: drivers, responses, barriers, and interventions. WIREs Climate Change.
http://pics.uvic.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/kormos_wires_2011.pdf

Goldstone, H. (2011, March 2) Climate change threatens New Engalnd’s offshore liquid assets – phytoplankton. Climatide. http://climatide.wgbh.org/2011/03/climate-change-threatens-new-englands-offshore-liquid-assets/

Hansen, J., M. Sato, and R. Reudy. (2012, March 29) Perception of climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2012/07/30/1205276109.abstract

Harvell, C.D., et al. (2002, June 21) Climate Warming and Disease Risks for Terrestrial and Marine Biota. Science. 296: 2158-2162.
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/296/5576/2158.abstract

Harvey, F. (2012, September 5) Climate change is already damaging global economy, report finds. The Guardian.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2012/sep/26/climate-change-damaging-global-economy

Heffner, L., et al. (2012) Climate Change & Rhode Island’s Coasts. URI Graduate School of Oceanography and URI Coastal Resources Center.
http://seagrant.gso.uri.edu/z_downloads/coast/climate_change_summ_web.pdf
This report elaborates on the current trends and consequences of climate change as seen in the state of Rhode Island. The report includes extensive “Literature Cited” and “Climate Change References” sections that are useful resources for further information.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Fifth Assessment Report. http://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar5/

Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. http://ipcc-wg2.gov/SREX/report/

Joint Ocean Commission Initiative. (2009, April) Changing Oceans, Changing World.
http://www.oceanleadership.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/2009-04-07_JOCI_Changing_Oceans_Changing_World.pdf

Kloor, K. (2011, November 30) Can Journalists Better Capture the Nuances of Climate Science? The Yale Forum on Climate Change & The Media.
http://www.yaleclimatemediaforum.org/2011/11/can-journalists-better-capture-the-nuances-of-climate-science/

Kloor , K. (2012, March 19) Who Do You “Outsource” to on Climate Science? The Yale Forum on Climate Change & The Media.
http://www.yaleclimatemediaforum.org/2012/03/who-do-you-‘outsource’-to-on-climate-science/

Miller-Rushing, A.J. and R.B. Primack. (2008) Global warming and flowering times in Thoreau’s Concord: A community perspective. Ecology, 89(2): 332-341.
http://faculty.bennington.edu/~kwoods/classes/Ecology/readings/miller-rushing%20-%202008%20-%20global%20warming.pdf

Milly, P., et al. (2008) Climate change: stationarity is dead: whither water management? Science, 319(5863): 573-574. Claims that current water resource management techniques are insufficient due to climate change.
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/319/5863/573.short

Northeast Climate Impacts Assessment. http://www.northeastclimateimpacts.org/

National Climate Assessment. (2014) http://nca2014.globalchange.gov/

National Drought Mitigation Center. http://drought.unl.edu/Planning/PlanningInfobyState.aspx

National Ecology Observatory Network. http://www.neoninc.org/

Pew Center on Global Climate Change. Climate Change 101: Understanding and Responding to Global Climate Change (Overview).
Link to full series: http://www.pewclimate.org/global-warming-basics/climate_change_101

Rhode Island’s Climate Challenge. http://www.riclimatechange.org/
This website was developed by the University of Rhode Island and Rhode Island Sea Grant to answer common questions about the science and impacts of climate change for Rhode Island residents. Much of the information is relevant for broader audiences.

Saltmarsh Habitat & Avian Research Program (SHARP). www.Tidalmarshbirds.org
SHARP is a large collaborative initiative to conserve the tidal-marsh bird community of the Atlantic seaboard. In the long-term, the project’s goal is to provide a regionally consistent platform for tidal marsh monitoring in the face of anticipated sea-level rise and upland/watershed development. The “Public Downloads” page features maps with historical data, descriptions of field methods, presentations, and relevant literature.

Skeptical Science. Explaining climate change science & rebutting global warming misinformation.
http://Skepticalscience.com/

U.S. Climate Change Policy Action at the State Level. This list, compiled by the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions, provides links to climate change legislation, statewide climate change commissions, and climate action plans around the U.S. The list is not exhaustive, but provides a good starting point for additional information.
http://www.c2es.org/us-states-regions/key-legislation

The Ultimate Climate Change FAQ. Compiled by The Guardian.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/series/the-ultimate-climate-change-faq

The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR). Global Warming & Climate Change – Frequently Asked Questions.
https://www2.ucar.edu/climate/faq

University of Wisconsin-Madison. Regional Governance Evaluation. Water Sustainability and Climate in the Yahara River Watershed.
http://wsc.limnology.wisc.edu/research/regional-governance-evaluation

Wilbanks, T.J. (2014) Climate change and energy supply and use: technical report for the U.S. Department of Energy in support of the National Climate Assessment. Island Press: Washington, D.C.
http://islandpress.org/ip/books/book/distributed/C/bo9497664.html

Wolff, E., et al. (2014) Climate Change Evidence & Causes. The Royal Society and U.S. National Academy of Sciences.
https://royalsociety.org/~/media/Royal_Society_Content/policy/projects/climate-evidence-causes/climate-change-evidence-causes.pdf

Woods Hole Research Center. Understanding Climate Change: A Primer.
http://www.whrc.org/resources/primer_home.html

Tools
Climate Central. Surging Seas Risk Finder. http://sealevel.climatecentral.org/ssrf/rhode-island/
“An interactive searchable data toolkit that shows populations, infrastructure, and assets exposed to coastal flooding aggravated by sea level rise. The Risk Finder incorporates the latest, high-resolution, high-accuracy LIDAR elevation data supplied by NOAA and assesses exposure of over 100 infrastructure and other elements — from airports to road miles, from schools to hospitals to wastewater treatment plants — in order to allow users to explore vulnerability from zip code through city, county and state levels.” Currently available for Connecticut, Florida, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island.

Climate Science Rapid Response Team. http://www.climaterapidresponse.org/
This is a matchmaking service to connect journalists with climate scientists who have expertise relevant for your story.

Google Scholar. http://scholar.google.com/

ISeeChange. http://www.thealmanac.org/year.php
Developed by Metcalf Institute alumna, Julia Kumari Drapkin, this innovative citizen science project is a crowd sourced approach toward understanding and communicating climate change.

Map Knitter. http://mapknitter.org
“…a free and open source tool for combining and positioning images (often from MapMill.org) in geographic space into a composite image map.”

OpenStreetMap. http://www.openstreetmap.org/#map=4/38.01/-95.84
“OpenStreetMap is built by a community of mappers that contribute and maintain data about roads, trails, cafés, railway stations, and much more, all over the world.”

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. National Wetlands Inventory: Wetlands Mapper.
http://www.fws.gov/wetlands/Data/Mapper.html
“The Wetlands Mapper integrates digital map data with other resource information to produce timely and relevant management and decision support tools.”

Vizzuality. http://www.vizzuality.com
Based in NY and Madrid, Vizzuality designs and develops data driven, interactive internet applications and visualizations to communicate environmental topics such as biodiversity, forest conservation, and climate change.
See example of climate policy project here: http://www.vizzuality.com/projects/thepolicyclimate

Data Sources
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center. http://cdiac.ornl.gov

Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets
https://www.cresis.ku.edu/data

National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center.
Provides a variety of data sets using remotely sensed (satellite) data for forecasting harmful algal blooms, tracking dust storms, and linking agricultural practices to phytoplankton blooms, among others.
http://disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/education-and-outreach/additional/applications

National Nutrient Database
http://www2.epa.gov/nutrientpollution

National Ocean Economics Program
http://www.oceaneconomics.org/download/
Established in 1999, the National Ocean Economics Program (NOEP) provides a full range of the most current policy-relevant economic and demographic information available on changes and trends along the U.S. coast, Great Lakes, and coastal waters. The NOEP delivers its information through searchable databases available on this site, as well as through published articles and reports. Download the most recent (2014) report on the State of the U.S. Ocean and Coastal Economies at the link above.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Annual Greenhouse Gas Index.
The AGGI is a measure of the warming influence supplied by long-lived trace gases and how that influence is changing each year. The index was designed to enhance the connection between scientists and society by providing a normalized standard that can be easily understood and followed.
http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/aggi/

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Climate Program Office. Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments.
http://www.climate.noaa.gov/index.jsp?pg=/cpo_pa/cpo_pa_index.jsp&pa=risa&sub=list_pi.jsp

Ocean Health Index. http://www.oceanhealthindex.org/
“This Index is the first comprehensive global measurement of ocean health that includes people as part of the ocean ecosystem. It scientifically compares and combines all dimensions of ocean health – biological, physical, economic and social, in order to generate an objective and accurate snapshot of the health of the ocean controlled by every coastal country.”

University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography Phytoplankton Survey
http://www.gso.uri.edu/phytoplankton/

University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography Fish Trawl
http://www.gso.uri.edu/fishtrawl/

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Sea Level Rise Reports
http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/impacts-adaptation/

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency State and Local Climate and Energy Program
http://www.epa.gov/statelocalclimate/index.html
“…helps states develop policies and programs that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, lower energy costs, improve air quality and public health, and help achieve economic development goals.”

U.S. Geological Survey Center of Excellence for Geospatial Information Science
http://cegis.usgs.gov/index.html

The White House. Data.gov: the home of the U.S. government’s open data. https://www.data.gov/climate/
This site provides data related to climate change that helps inform citizens, communities, and business owners. It includes data and resources on flooding, sea level rise, and other coastal impacts.

Williams, M. (2009, April) Beyond Google: From better searches to the invisible web.
http://legacy.ire.org/training/ethnicmediaws/tipsheets/T3234.pdf

Other Useful Sources and Organizations
The Daily Climate. http://www.dailyclimate.org/
“…an independent media organization working to increase public understanding of climate change, including its scope and scale, potential solutions and the political processes that impede or advance them.”

Knight Science Journalism Tracker. http://ksj.mit.edu/tracker
Started by Paul Raeburn and hosted by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Knight Science Journalism program, this blog offers “peer review within science journalism.” It’s an invaluable resource and a good way to check your assumptions on the best way to report science stories. This particular post offered an interesting discussion of how science reporting can sometimes get ahead of the actual data. http://ksj.mit.edu/tracker/2013/12/patterns-and-trends-2013-year-conclusion

National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center. http://www.sesync.org/projects-activities
List of projects and activities at SESYNC, which is “dedicated to solving society’s most challenging and complex environmental problems” through collaborations among natural, social, and computational scientists.

Powledge, T. (2014, January 10) 2013 in Science and Medicine: List of Lists of Lists. On Science Blogs, PLoS Blogs. http://blogs.plos.org/onscienceblogs/2014/01/10/2013-science-medicine-list-lists-lists/
While this is related to news from 2013, Tabitha Powledge’s end-of-year summary on the biggest news in science and medicine is a great source for story ideas.


Resources for Sunday, June 1, 2014

Scientific Method, Peer Review, Ethics

Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) http://www.doaj.org/
Master list of “free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals” (7000 entries as of September 2011).

Doubtful News. Media Guide to Skepticism. http://doubtfulnews.com/media-guide-to-skepticism/

Ethical Guidelines for Publishing. (2011) American Chemical Society. ACS Publications. December 31, 2011.
http://pubs.acs.org/page/policy/ethics/index.html

Harvey, F.  (16 May, 2014) Rejected climate science paper contained errors, says publisher. The Guardian. http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/may/16/rejected-climate-science-paper-environmentalresearch-letters

Jennings, C. (2006) Quality and Value: The True Purpose of Peer Review. Nature.
http://www.nature.com/nature/peerreview/debate/nature05032.html

McNutt, M. (2014) Editorial: Reproducibility. Science, 343: 229.
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/343/6168/229.summary

National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine. (1995) On Being a Scientist: Responsible Conduct in Research. Second Edition.
Discusses the social and historical context of science, the allocation of credit for discovery, the scientist’s role in society, the issues revolving around publication, and more. Note section on conflicts of interest in science: http://books.nap.edu/openbook.php?isbn=0309051967&page=8#pagetop

Nature. Special Issue on Peer Review. http://www.nature.com/nature/peerreview/debate/

Orzel, Chad. (2013, May 28) How journalists can help the scientists they interview. physicsfocus.org http://physicsfocus.org/chad-orzel-how-journalists-can-help-the-scientists-they-interview/

Rabinowitz, G. and E.J. Dennis. (2013, April 12) 5 Steps to Separate Science from Hype, No PhD Required. The Incubator. The Rockefeller University.
http://incubator.rockefeller.edu/?p=1123 

Raff, J. (25 August, 2013) How to read and understand a scientific paper: a guide for non-scientists. Violent Metaphors Blog.
http://violentmetaphors.com/2013/08/25/how-to-read-and-understand-a-scientificpaper-2/

Ritter, S.K. (2001) Publication Ethics. Chemical & Engineering News. Nov. 12, 2001.
http://pubs.acs.org/cen/topstory/7946/7946sci1.html

Sagan, C. (1997) Baloney Detection Kit (excerpted from The Demon Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark).
http://www.carlsagan.com/

Sense About Science. (2013). I Don’t Know What to Believe: Making sense of science stories.  http://www.senseaboutscience.org/resources.php/116/i-dont-know-what-to-believe-us-version

Sense About Science. (2013) Peer Review: The Nuts and Bolts. Video of workshop about peer review process held May 31, 2013.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yglKbJiHfKM&feature=youtu.be

Spears, T. (19 April, 2014) Blinded by scientific gobbledygook. Ottawa Citizen.
http://www.ottawacitizen.com/technology/Blinded+scientific+gobbledygook/9757736/story.html

Sutherland, W.J., D. Spiegelhalter, and M. Burgman. (2013) Twenty tips for interpreting science claims. Nature, 503: 335–337, DOI: 10.1038/503335a

Yong, E. (2013) A Guide for Scientists on Giving Comments to Journalists. National Geographic Online. http://phenomena.nationalgeographic.com/2013/05/22/a-guide-for-scientists-on-giving-comments-tojournalists/

Other Resources

About the Science Citation Index. http://wokinfo.com/sci-anniversary.html?elq=5eb463baca4c4b45a00a4bdeea21aae9&elqCampaignId=9007

Tips for getting a copy of a scientific journal article if you do not have academic credentials or access to a university library:

  1. Contact the corresponding author directly and ask for a copy.
  2. Contact the press office, if the paper is being promoted with a press release.
  3. Search for the paper via Google or Google Scholar
  4. Tweet a link and the DOI with the hashtag: #icanhazpdf. This works best if you list your email account publicly on your Twitter profile.


Resources for Monday, June 2, 2014

Extreme Weather and Climate Change: Science Resources

Allan, R.P., and B.J. Soden. (2008) Atmospheric warming and the amplification of precipitation extremes.
Science, 321(5895): 1481-84. DOI: 10.1126/science.1160787

Allan, R.P. (2011) Climate change: human influence on rainfall. Nature, 470: 344-45. DOI: 10.1038/470344a

Barnes, E.A., L.M. Polvani, and A.H. Sobel. (2013) Model projections of atmospheric steering of Sandy-like superstorms. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1308732110

Comment on this paper from Weather Underground:
http://www.wunderground.com/blog/JeffMasters/could-climate-change-reduce-the-frequency-of-trackslike-hurricane-san

Bender, M.A., T.R. Knutson, R.E. Tuleya, J.J. Sirutis, G.A. Vecchi, S.T. Garner, and I.M. Held. (2010)
Modeled impact of anthropogenic warming on the frequency of intense Atlantic hurricanes. Science, 327(5964): 454-58. DOI: 10.1126/science.1180568

Bonfils, C., and B.D. Santer. (2011) Investigating the possibility of a human component in various pacific decadal oscillation indices. Climate Dynamics, 37(7-8): 1457-68. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-010-0920-1

Bradbury, J., and C. DeConcini. (2012) The connection between climate change and recent extreme weather events. World Resources Institute (Fact Sheet). http://www.wri.org/sites/default/files/pdf/connection_between_climate_change_and_extreme_weather.pdf 

Center for Climate and Energy Solutions. Extreme heat and climate change. http://www.c2es.org/scienceimpacts/extreme-weather/extreme-heat?utm_source=Center+for+Climate+and+Energy+Solutions+newsletter+list&utm_campaign=5ab5a8 bbc7-April_2014_Newsletter4_30_2014&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_36e5120ca4-5ab5a8bbc7303502101 

Coumou, D., and S. Rahmstorf. (2012) A decade of weather extremes. Nature Climate Change, 2: 491-96.
DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1452

De Sherbinin, A. (2014) Climate change hotspots mapping: what have we learned? Climatic Change, 123(1): 23-37. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-013-0900-7 

Emanuel, K. (2013) Downscaling CMIP5 climate models show increased tropical cyclone activity over the 21st century. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1301293110 

Francis, J.A., and S.J. Vavrus. (2012) Evidence linking Arctic amplification to extreme weather in midlatitudes. Geophysical Research Letters, 39(6): L06801. DOI: 10.1029/2012GL051000

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory. Hurricanes and Climate Change.
http://www.gfdl.noaa.gov/hurricanes-and-climate-change

Holdren, J.P. (2014, February 28) Drought and global climate change: An analysis of statements by Roger Pielke, Jr.
http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ostp/critique_of_pielke_jr_statements_on_dro ught.pdf

Knutson, T.R., et al. (2010) Tropical cyclones and climate change. Nature Geoscience, 3: 157-163. DOI: 10.1038/ngeo779

Kunkel, K.E., T.R. Karl, D.R. Easterling, K. Redmond, J. Young, X. Yin, and P. Hennon. (2013) Probable maximum precipitation and climate change. Geophysical Research Letters, 40(7): 1402-08.
DOI: 10.1002/grl.50334

Liu, J.P., Curry, J.A., Wang, H., Song, M., and R.M. Horton. (2012) Impact of declining Arctic sea ice on winter snowfall. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109(17): 6781-6783. http://www.pnas.org/content/109/11/4074

Meehl, G.A., C. Tebaldi, G. Walton, D. Easterling, and L. McDaniel. (2009) Relative increase of record high maximum temperatures compared to record low minimum temperatures in the U.S. Geophysical Research Letters, 36(23): L23701. DOI: 10.1029/2009GL040736

Morss, R.E., O.V. Wilhelmi, G.A. Meehl, and L. Dilling. (2011) Improving societal outcomes of extreme weather in a changing climate: an integrated perspective. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 36: 1-25.
DOI: 10.1146/annurev-environ-060809-100145

Ogburn, S.P. (2013, September 6) Climate change exacerbates some extreme weather. Scientific Americanhttp://www.scientificamerican.com/article/climate-change-exacerbates-some-extreme-weather/ 

Schiermeler, Q. (2013, April 11) Climate change brings stormier weather to the US. Naturehttp://www.nature.com/news/climate-change-brings-stormier-weather-to-the-us-1.12763

Trenberth, K., J. Meehl, J. Masters, R. Somerville, H. Cutting, S. Chung, and S. Hassol. (2011, September 7) Current extreme weather and climate change. Climate Communication Science and Outreach.
http://www.climatecommunication.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/Extreme-Weather-and-ClimateChange.pdf 

URI Today. (2014, February 26) URI professor discusses this season’s winter weather, climate change. University of Rhode Island. http://www.uri.edu/news/releases/?id=6958

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Climate change indicators in the United States: weather and climate. http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/science/indicators/weather-climate/index.html

Wallace, J.M., I.M. Held, D.W.J. Thompson, K.E. Trenberth, and J.E. Walsh. (2013). Global warming and winter weather. Science. 343(6172): 729-730. DOI: 10.1126/science.343.6172.729

The White House YouTube Channel. (2014, January 8) The Polar Vortex explained in 2 minutes.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5eDTzV6a9F4

Extreme Weather, Policy, and Economics

Beddington, J., et al. (2012, March) Achieving food security in the face of climate change. Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change (final report).
https://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/35589/climate_food_commission-finalmar2012.pdf?sequence=1

Lazo, J.K., M. Lawson, P.H. Larsen, and D.M. Waldman. (2011) U.S. economic sensitivity to weather variability. Bulletein of the American Meteorological Society, 92: 709-20. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2011BAMS2928.1

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Environmental Protection Agency. (2013) Case study of Virginia tidewater area, water resource strategies and information needs in response to extreme weather/climate events.
http://cpo.noaa.gov/sites/cpo/Projects/SARP/CaseStudies/2013/Tidewater%20VA%20Case%20Study %20Factsheet%20Extreme%20Weather%20Events_2013-1-30v1.pdf

Policy Lab. (2014, February 14) Science for Disaster Risk Reduction – An Academic Exercise? The Royal Society. http://royalsociety.org/events/2014/02/Science-for-DRR/

Smith, A.B., and R.W. Katz. (2013) U.S. billion-dollar weather and climate disasters: data sources, trends, accuracy and biases. Natural Hazards, 67(2): 387-410. DOI: 10.1007/s11069-013-0566-5

U.S. Department of Energy. (2013) U.S. energy sector vulnerabilities to climate change and extreme weather. http://energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2013/07/f2/20130716Energy%20Sector%20Vulnerabilities%20Report.pdf

U.S. Department of Transportation. (2012, December) Climate Change and Extreme Weather Vulnerability Assessment Framework.
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/climate_change/adaptation/publications_and_tools/vulnerability _assessment_framework/fhwahep13005.pdf

U.S. Government Accountability Office. Extreme Weather Events: Limiting Federal Fiscal Exposure and Increasing the Nation’s Resilience.
http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/660861.pdf

Extreme Weather and Climate Change: Journalism Resources

Carey, J. (2011, June 28) Storm warnings: extreme weather is a product of climate change. Scientific American.

Part one: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/extreme-weather-caused-by-climate-change/

Part two: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/global-warming-and-the-science-of-extremeweather/

Part three: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/extreme-future-predicting-coping-with-theeffects-of-a-changing-climate/

Harris, R. (2013, December 3) Ready – or not. Abrupt climate changes worry scientists most. National Public Radio. http://www.npr.org/2013/12/03/248474721/ready-or-not-quick-climate-changes-worryscientists-most

Henry, T. (2014, January 12) Climate change role in cold snap triggers debate: hypothesis centers on massive loss of Arctic ice. The Blade.
http://www.toledoblade.com/local/2014/01/12/Climate-changerole-in-cold-snap-triggers-debate.html

Linden, E. (2014, February 13) The true cost of extreme weather…or is it climate change? The Daily Beast.
http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/02/13/the-true-cost-of-extreme-weather-or-is-it-climatechange.html

Masters, J. (2013, August 5) Hurricanes and climate change: Huge dangers, huge unknowns. Weather Underground.
http://www.wunderground.com/blog/JeffMasters/hurricanes-and-climate-change-hugedangers-huge-unknowns

Samenow, J. (2013, May 22) Lots of talk, few conclusions on climate change and tornadoes. The Washington Posthttp://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/capital-weather-gang/wp/2013/05/22/lots-of-talk-fewconclusions-on-climate-change-and-tornadoes/

Satterfield, D. (2014, January 13) Don’t let the thaw fool you, the revenge of the Polar Vortex may be coming. AGU Blogosphere. http://blogs.agu.org/wildwildscience/2014/01/13/dont-let-the-thaw-foolyou-the-revenge-of-the-polar-vortex-may-be-coming/#.UtQxInqGMAc.facebook

Yale Forum on Climate Change. (March 13, 2014) California’s Record Drought and Meteorological “Three R’s.” http://www.yaleclimatemediaforum.org/2014/03/californias-record-drought-and-meteorologicalthree-rs/

Public Understanding of Climate Variability and Impacts

Brulle, R.J., J. Carmichael, and J.C. Jenkins. (2012) Shifting public opinion on climate change: an empirical assessment of factors influencing concern over climate change in the U.S., 2002-2010. Climatic Change,
DOI: 10.1007/s10584-012-0403-y

Davies, B. (2014, March 10) Why is communicating climate change science hard? Bogology Guest Blog. http://bogology.org/2014/03/10/why-is-communicating-climate-change-science-hard/

Deser, C., R. Knutti, S. Solomon, and A.S. Phillips. (2012) Communication of the role of natural variability in future North American climate. Nature Climate Change, 2: 775-79. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1562

Jaspal, R., B. Nerlich, and N. Koteyko. (2012) Contesting science by appealing to its norms. Science Communication, 35(3): 383-410. DOI: 10.1177/1075547012459274

Leiserowitz, A., Feinberg, G., Rosenthal, S., Smith, N., Anderson A., Roser-Renouf, C. & Maibach, E. (2014). What’s In A Name? Global Warming vs. Climate Change. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Project on Climate Change Communication.
http://environment.yale.edu/climate-communication/files/Global_Warming_vs_Climate_Change_Report.pdf

Leiserowitz, A., E. Maibach, C. Roser-Renouf, G. Feinberg, S. Rosenthal, J. Marlon, and P. Howe. (2014) Extreme Weather and Climate Change in the American Mind, November 2013. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Project on Climate Change Communication.
http://environment.yale.edu/climate-communication/files/Extreme-Weather-Public-Opinion-November2013.pdf

Leiserowitz, A., E. W. Maibach, C. Roser-Renouf, N. Smith, and E. Dawson. (2013) Climategate, Public Opinion, and the Loss of Trust. Am. Behavioral Scientist, 57(6): 818-837. DOI: 10.1177/0002764212458272

Retchless, D.P. (2014) Communicating climate change: spatial analog versus color-banded isoline maps with and without accompanying text. Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 41(1): 55-74. DOI:
10.1080/15230406.2013.826479

Sherman, A. (2013, August) Mapping the climate skeptical blogosphere. Center for Climate Change Economics and Policy (Working Paper No. 144) and Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment (Working Paper No. 124).
http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/publications/WorkingPapers/Papers/120-29/Mapping-theclimate-sceptical-blogosphere.pdf 

Yale Project on Climate Change Communication. Extreme weather, climate, and preparedness. http://environment.yale.edu/climate-communication/article/extreme-weather-climate-preparedness

Communicating Scientific Uncertainty

Aklin, M. and J. Urpelainen. 2014. Perceptions of scientific dissent undermine public support for environmental policy. Environmental Science and Policy, 38: 173-177. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1462901113002141

Budescu, D.V., S. Broomell, and H. Por. 2009. Improving communication of uncertainty in the reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Psychological Science, 20(3): 299-308. http://intlpss.sagepub.com/content/20/3/299.full

Budescu, D.V., H. Por, S. Broomell, and M. Smithson. 2014. The interpretation of IPCC probabilistic statements around the world. Nature Climate Change, DOI :10.1038/nclimate2194. http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nclimate2194.html

Mastrandrea, M.D., et al. 2010. Guidance note for lead authors of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report on Consistent Treatment of Uncertainties. IPCC Cross-Working Group Meeting on Consistent Treatment of Uncertainties, Jasper Ridge, CA, USA, July 6-7, 2010.
http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/supportingmaterial/uncertainty-guidance-note.pdf

Pidgeon, N. and B. Fischoff. (2011) The role of social and decision sciences in communicating uncertain climate risks. Nature Climate Change, 1: 35-41. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1080 

Relevant Tools, Databases, Organizations

Earth Gauge. http://www.earthgauge.net/
“Earth Gauge is a free information service designed to make it easy to talk about links between weather and environment. Originally developed for weathercasters, the information is also available to the general public, educators, parents and students.”

Earth Observatory. http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/?eocn=topnav&eoci=home
The mission of this NASA project is to “share images, stories, and discoveries about climate and the environment that emerge from NASA research, including its satellite missions, in-the-field research, and climate models.” Great source for global maps and images of specific weather, climate, and natural hazard phenomena.

Hurricanes: Science and Society. http://www.hurricanescience.org/
“This website and associated educational resources provide information on the science of hurricanes, methods of observing hurricanes, modeling and forecasting of hurricanes, how hurricanes impact society, and how people and communities can prepare for and mitigate the impacts of hurricanes.” The section on Hurricanes and Climate Change will be especially useful.

Talking Climate. http://talkingclimate.org/database/
“The gateway to research on climate change communication.”

National Weather Service. http://www.weather.gov/

The Nature Conservancy. Climate Wizard. http://www.climatewizard.org/
This interactive site displays maps of temperature and precipitation shifts based on scientific models. It allows users to view historic changes as well as future predictions of U.S. and global temperature and rainfall. “ClimateWizard enables both technical and non-technical audiences to access leading climate change information and visualize the impacts anywhere on Earth.”

U.S. Geological Survey Climate Projection Portal. http://cida.usgs.gov/climate/derivative/
“This web portal allows visualization and downloading of future climate projections from a group of ‘statistically downscaled’ global climate models (GCMs).” Note, this works best in Chrome and Firefox, and may not work with Internet Explorer.

Weather Underground Blog. http://www.wunderground.com/blog/JeffMasters/show.html
Dr. Jeff Masters is a co-founder of Weather Underground and writes blog entries sharing the most up-todate information on the current state and impacts of the climate and extreme weather events around the world.

We the Geeks. http://www.whitehouse.gov/we-the-geeks
“We the Geeks” is a new series of Google+ Hangouts to highlight the future of science, technology, and innovation here in the United States. Topics such as commercial space exploration, science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education, turning science fiction to science fact, and others will be discussed with Administration officials and key private sector contributors. Join the conversation using the hashtag #WeTheGeeks.

World Meteorological Organization: Global Weather and Climate Extremes Archive. Arizona State University. http://wmo.asu.edu/


Resources for Tuesday, June 3, 2014

Assessing Long-term Trends in Fisheries: Science Resources

Barange, M., et al. (2014) Impacts of climate change on marine ecosystem production in societies dependent on fisheries. Nature Climate Change, 4: 211-216. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2119

Bohaboy, E. (2009) GSO Fisheries Survey: Methods and Equipment. URI Graduate School of Oceanography.

Branch, T.A., et al. (2010) The trophic fingerprint of marine fisheries.  Nature, 468: 431-435. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v468/n7322/full/nature09528.html

Cheung, W.W.L., et al. (2012) Shrinking of fishes exacerbates impacts of global ocean changes on marine ecosystems. Nature Climate Change, 3: 254-258. http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/v3/n3/full/nclimate1691.html

Cinner, J.E., C. Huchery, E.S. Darling, A.T. Humphries, N.A.J. Graham, C. Hicks, N. Marshall, and T.R. McClanahan. (2013) Evaluating social and ecological vulnerability of coral reef fisheries to climate change. PLoS One, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0074321

Cochrane, K., De Young, C., Soto, D., and T. Bahri. (2009) Climate change implications for fisheries and aquaculture: overview of current scientific knowledge. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper. No. 530. Rome, FAO. http://www.enaca.org/modules/wfdownloads/singlefile.php?cid=210&lid=997

Collie, J., Wood, A., and H.P. Jeffries. (2008) Long-term shifts in the species composition of a coastal fish community. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 65(7), 1352-1365. http://www.ci.uri.edu/ciip/summerpracticum/Docs2009/Collie2008.pdf

Essington, T.E., Beaudreau, A.H., and J. Wiedenmann. (2006) Fishing through marine food webs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 103(9): 3171-3175. http://www.pnas.org/content/103/9/3171.short

Food and Agricultural Organization. (2014) The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2014. Rome. http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3720e/index.html

Hare, J. A., et al. (2010) Forecasting the dynamics of a coastal fishery species using a coupled climate population model. Ecological Society of America. Ecological Applications, 20(2): 452-464. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20405799

Taylor, D. (2000). Sampling the Bay Over the Long Term. Maritimes. Winter 2000. http://www.gso.uri.edu/maritimes/Text_Only/00Winter/text/taylor.htm

Jensen, O.P., Branch, T.A., and R. Hilborn. (2012) Marine fisheries as ecological experiments. Theoretical Ecology, 5(1): 3-22. http://www.d.umn.edu/biology/documents/Jensen2.pdf

Melnychuk, M.C., et al. (2012) Can catch share fisheries better track management targets? Fish and Fisheries, 13(3): 267-290. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-2979.2011.00429.x/abstract

Neubauer, P., Jensen, O.P., Hutchings, J.A., and J.K. Baum. (2013) Resilience and Recovery of Overexploited Marine Populations. Science, 340(6130): 347-349. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/340/6130/347.full

Nye, J.A., Link, J.S., Hare, J.A. and W.J. Overholtz. (2009) Changing spatial distribution of fish stocks in relation to climate and population size on the Northeast United States continental shelf. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 393: 111-129. http://www.int-res.com/abstracts/meps/v393/p111-129/

Payne, M.R. (2013) Fisheries: Climate change at the dinner table. Nature, 497: 320-321. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v497/n7449/full/497320a.html

Pinsky, M.L., Jensen, O.P., Ricard, D., and S.R. Palumbi. (2011) Unexpected patterns of fisheries collapse in the world’s oceans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2011. http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2011/04/22/1015313108.abstract

Vert-pre, K.A., Amoroso, R.O., Jensen, O.P., and R. Hilborn. (2013). Frequency and intensity of productivity regime shifts in marine fish stocks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Scienceshttp://www.pnas.org/content/early/2013/01/15/1214879110.abstract

Windecker, L. (2007) A Brief Annotated Guide to Narragansett Bay Phytoplankton. URI Graduate School of Oceanography.

Worm, B., et al. (2009) Rebuilding Global Fisheries. Science 235(5940): 1-46, 578-585.
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/325/5940/578.short

Fisheries Public Policy Resources

Allison, E.H., et al. (2009) Vulnerability of National Economies to the Impacts of Climate Change on Fisheries. Fish and Fisheries. 10(2): 173-196. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.14672979.2008.00310.x/abstract

Mills, K.E., A.J. Pershing, C.J. Brown, Y. Chen, F.-S. Chiang, D.S. Holland, S. Lehuta, J.A. Nye, J.C. Sun, A.C. Thomas, and R.A. Wahle. 2013. Fisheries management in a changing climate: Lessons from the 2012 ocean heat wave in the Northwest Atlantic. Oceanography 26(2):191–195, DOI: 10.5670/oceanog.2013.27

Sethi, S.A., Branch, T.A., and R. Watson. (2010) Global fishery development patterns are driven by profit but not trophic level. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(27): 12163-12167. http://www.pnas.org/content/107/27/12163.abstract

Ecosystem Impacts of Climate Change: Science Resources

Abler, D., J. Shortle, J. Carmichael, and R. Horan. (2002, November) Climate change, agriculture, and water quality in the Chesapeake Bay region. Climatic Change, 55(3): 339-59. DOI: 10.1023/A:1020570526499

Bernhardt, J.R., and H.M. Leslie. (2013) Resilience to climate change in coastal marine ecosystems. Annual Review of Marine Science, 5: 371-92. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-marine-121211-172411

Boesch, D.F., V.J. Coles, D.G. Kimmel, and W.D. Miller. (2007, December) Coastal dead zones and global climate change: ramifications of climate change for Chesapeake Bay hypoxia. Pew Center on Global Climate Change. http://www.c2es.org/docUploads/Regional-Impacts-Chesapeake.pdf

Chust, G., et al., (2014) Biomass changes and trophic amplification of plankton in a warmer ocean. Global Change Biology. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12562.

CICEET. Project Brief – Get SMART, Model predicts the outcome of proposed salt marsh restoration projects. http://ciceet.unh.edu/briefs/konisky_brief/

Coristine, L.E., and J.T. Kerr. (2011) Habitat loss, climate change, and emerging conservation challenges in Canada. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 89(5): 435-51. DOI: 10.1139/z11-020

Doney, S.C. et al. (2012) Climate change impacts on marine ecosystems. Annual Review of Marine Science, 4: 11-37. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-marine-041911-111611

Dunne, J.A., and R.J. Williams. (2009) Cascading extinctions and community collapse in model food webs. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Biological Sciences, 364(1524): 1711-23. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2008.0219

Field, C.B., et al. (2009) Ecological impacts of climate change. The National Academy of Sciences.
http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/pd/climate/teachingclimate/ecological_impacts_of_climate_change.pdf

Fuller, R., et al. (2011). Marshes on the Move: A Manager’s Guide to Understanding and Using Model Results Depicting Potential Impacts of Sea Level Rise on Coastal Wetlands. NOAA and The Nature Conservancy. NOAA Coastal Services Center. http://www.csc.noaa.gov/digitalcoast/publications/marshesonthemove

Gedan, K.B., Altieri, A.H., and M.D. Bertness. (2011). Uncertain Future of New England Salt Marshes. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 434: 229-237. http://www.int-res.com/articles/theme/m434p229.pdf

Grimm, N.B., F.S. Chapin III, B. Bierwagen, P. Gonzalez, P.M. Groffman, Y. Luo, F. Melton, K. Nadelhoffer, A. Pairis, P.A. Raymond, J. Schimel, and C.E.Williamson. (2013) The impacts of climate change on ecosystem structure and function. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 11: 474–482. DOI: 10.1890/120282

Grimm, N.B., M.D. Staudinger, A. Staudt, S.L. Carter, F.S. Chapin III, P. Kareiva, M. Ruckelshaus, and B.A. Stein. (2013) Climate-change impacts on ecological systems: introduction to a US assessment. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 11: 456–464. DOI: 10.1890/120310

Halpern, B.S., et al. (2008) A global map of human impact on marine ecosystems. Science, 319(5865): 948-52. DOI: 10.1126/science.1149345 

Hill S.L., T. Phillips, A. Atkinson. (2013) Potential Climate Change Effects on the Habitat of Antarctic Krill in the Weddell Quadrant of the Southern Ocean. PLoS ONE, 8(8): e72246. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072246

Hoegh-Guldberg, O., and J.F. Bruno. (2010) The impact of climate change on the world’s marine ecosystems. Science, 328(5985): 1523-28. DOI: 10.1126/science.1189930

Kennedy, V.S., R.R. Twilley, J.A. Kleypas, J.H. Cowan Jr., and S.R. Hare. (2002) Coastal and marine ecosystems and global climate change. Pew Center on Global Climate Change. http://www.c2es.org/docUploads/marine_ecosystems.pdf

Lundquist, C., and D. Ramsay. (2011) Anticipated climate change impact on the coastal protection role provided by coastal ecosystems in the Pacific and East Timor. Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency.
http://www.climatechange.gov.au/sites/climatechange/files/files/Ramsey_NIWA_Coastal_Ecosystems__FINAL.pdf

Miller, A.W. and G.M. Ruiz. (2014) Arctic shipping and marine invaders. Nature Climate Change 4: 413–416.
DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2244

Mora, C., D.P. Tittensor, S. Adl, A.G.B. Simpson, and B. Worm. (2011) How many species are there on Earth and in the ocean? PLoS Biology, 9(8): e1001127. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001127

NOAA Coastal Hypoxia Research Program (CHRP). Modeling hypoxia and ecological responses to climate and nutrients. http://northweb.hpl.umces.edu/CHRP/CHRP_home.htm

Nelson, E.J., P. Kareiva, M. Ruckelshaus, K. Arkema, G. Geller, E. Girvetz, D. Goodrich, V. Matzek, M. Pinsky, W. Reid, M. Saunders, D. Semmens, and H. Tallis. (2013) Climate change’s impact on key ecosystem services and the human well-being they support in the US. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 11: 483–893.
DOI: 10.1890/120312

Norberg, J., Urban, M.C., Vellend, M., Klausmeier, C.A., and N. Loeuille. (2012) Eco-evolutionary responses of biodiversity to climate change. Nature Climate Change, 2(10): 747-751. http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/v2/n10/full/nclimate1588.html

Parmesan, C. (2006) Ecological and evolutionary responses to recent climate change. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 37: 637-69. DOI: 10.1126/science.1189930

Riordan, E.C., and P.W. Rundel. (2014) Land use compounds habitat losses under projected climate change in a threatened California ecosystem. PLoS ONE, 9(1): e86487. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0086487

Rodriguez, A.B., et al. Oyster reefs can outpace sea level rise. Nature Climate Change, 4:493-497.
DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2216

Romanuk, T.N., Y. Zhou, U. Brose, E.L. Berlow, R.J. Williams, and N.D. Martinez. (2009) Predicting invasion success in complex ecological networks. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Biological Sciences, 364(1524): 1743-54. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2008.0286

Scavia, D., et al. (2002) Climate change impacts on U.S. coastal and marine ecosystems. Estuaries, 25(2): 149-64.
DOI: 10.1007/BF02691304

Staudinger, M.D., S.L. Carter, M.S. Cross, N.S. Dubois, J.E. Duffy, C. Enquist, R. Griffis, J.J. Hellmann, J.J. Lawler, J. O’Leary, S.A. Morrison, L. Sneddon, B.A. Stein, L.M. Thompson, and W. Turner. (2013)
Biodiversity in a changing climate: a synthesis of current and projected trends in the US. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 11: 465–473. DOI: 10.1890/120272

Staudinger, M.D., N.B. Grimm, A. Staudt, S.L. Carter, F.S. Chapin III, P. Kareiva, M. Ruckelshaus, B.A. Stein. 2012. Impacts of Climate Change on Biodiversity, Ecosystems, and Ecosystem Services: Technical Input to the 2013 National Climate Assessment. Cooperative Report to the 2013 National Climate Assessment. 296 pp.
http://assessment.globalchange.gov

Stein, B.A., A. Staudt, M.S. Cross, N.S. Dubois, C. Enquist, R. Griffis, L.J. Hansen, J.J. Hellmann, J.J. Lawler, E.J. Nelson, and A. Pairis 2013. Preparing for and managing change: climate adaptation for biodiversity and ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 11: 502–510. DOI: 10.1890/120277

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Climate impacts on ecosystems. http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/impacts-adaptation/ecosystems.html

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Climate impacts on coastal areas. http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/impacts-adaptation/coasts.html 

U.S. Geological Survey. Coastal ecosystem response to climate change.
http://www.werc.usgs.gov/Project.aspx?ProjectID=222

U.S. Geological Survey. Impacts of Climate and Land Use change on Terrestrial and Marine Systems. http://www.usgs.gov/climate_landuse/clu_rd/pt_climate_luc.asp

Walther, G., et al. (2002, March) Ecological responses to recent climate change. Nature, 416: 389-95.
DOI: 10.1038/416389a

Worm, B., et al. (2006, November) Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services. Science, 314(5800): 787-90. DOI: 10.1126/science.1132294

Ecosystem Impacts of Climate Change: Public Policy Resources

National Fish, Wildlife and Plants Climate Adaptation Partnership. (2012) National Fish, Wildlife and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy. Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, Council on Environmental Quality, Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Washington, DC. http://www.wildlifeadaptationstrategy.gov/pdf/NFWPCASFinal.pdf

Ecosystem Impacts of Climate Change: Journalism Resources

Bakalar, N.  (2014, May 26) Welcoming the newly discovered. The New York Times.
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/27/science/welcoming-the-newly-discovered.html

Biello, D. (2009, August 25) How will warmer oceans affect sea life? Scientific Americanhttp://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-will-warmer-oceans-affect-sea-life/

Science Translation

Bailey, R.A., et al. (2011) Sense About Science and Straight Statistics: Making Sense of Statistics. Sense About Science. 16 pp. http://www.senseaboutscience.org/data/files/resources/1/MSofStatistics.pdf

Brooks, D.A., M.W. Baca and Y.-T. Lo. (1999) Tidal circulation and residence time in a macrotidal estuary:
Cobscook Bay, Maine. Estuarine, Coastal, and Shelf Science, 49: 647-665. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0272771499905449

Cumming, G., Fidler, F., and D.L. Vaux. (2007, April 9) Error bars in experimental biology. The Journal of Cell Biology. 177(1): 7-11. http://jcb.rupress.org/content/177/1/7.full

Dessler, A.E. (2011) Cloud variations and the Earth’s energy budget. Geophysical Research Letters, 38: L19701. DOI: 10.1029/2011GL049236.

Franzke, C. (2013, April 11) A novel method to test for significant trends in extreme values in serially dependent time series. Geophysical Research Letters. 40(7): 1391-1395. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/grl.50301/abstract 

Oviatt, C.A. (2004) The changing ecology of temperate coastal waters during a warming trend. Estuaries, 27(6): 895-904. http://www.gso.uri.edu/~chrisc/coviatt_pdfs/Oviatt_ESTU2004_27_6_895_904.pdf

Palumbi, S., D.J. Barshis, N. Traylor-Knowles, and R.A. Bay. (2014) Mechanisms of reef coral resistance to future climate change.  Science, 344(6186): 895-898. DOI: 10.1126/science.1251336.

Weber, C.L. and H.S. Matthews. (2008) Food-miles and the relative climate impacts of food choices in the United States. Environ. Sci. Technol., 42: 3508-3513. DOI: 10.1021/es702969f.

Tools, Databases, & Useful Organizations

Association of State Wetland Managers. http://www.aswm.org/

Fishery Management Glossary. http://www.talkingfish.org/fishery-management-glossary

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Global Fisheries Databases. http://www.fao.org/fishery/topic/16054/en

FAOSTAT Database. http://faostat3.fao.org/faostat-gateway/go/to/home/E
Large time-series and cross sectional data relating to hunger, food, and agriculture for 245 countries and territories and 35 regional areas, from1961 to the most recent year.

Global Fisheries Database Project.
http://fish.washington.edu/news/newsletter/sprsum_2012/globaldatabase.html

International Institute for Species Exploration. http://www.esf.edu/species/

Marine Ecosystem Evolution in a Changing Environment (MEECE). http://www.meeceatlas.eu/Menu/
“The MEECE Model Atlas provides climate and ecosystem response scenarios, from plankton to fish, in a readily accessible form for marine policy and management.”

National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis. http://www.nceas.ucsb.edu/
See more re: ecological effects of climate change here: http://www.nceas.ucsb.edu/ecology/climate

Saltmarsh Habitat & Avian Research Program (SHARP) http://www.tidalmarshbirds.org/
SHARP is a large collaborative initiative to conserve the tidal-marsh bird community of the Atlantic seaboard. In the long-term, the project’s goal is to provide a regionally consistent platform for tidal marsh monitoring in the face of anticipated sea-level rise and upland/watershed development. The “Public Downloads” page features maps with historical data, descriptions of field methods, presentations, and relevant literature.

U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries Data. http://www.st.nmfs.noaa.gov/index

Commercial Fisheries Statistics. http://www.st.nmfs.noaa.gov/commercial-fisheries/


Resources for Wednesday, June 4, 2014

Sea Level Rise: Science Resources

Crow, C. (2010) Establishing Vertical Control & Geospatial Infrastructure for Monitoring Sea Level Rise. National Geodetic Survey. http://www.edc.uri.edu/monumentation/Resources/CACOKickOff/Crow.pdf

Freedman, J. (2012) Losing Ground: Coastal Erosion in Rhode Island.
http://seagrant.gso.uri.edu/z_downloads/climate_losing_ground_2012.pdf
This presentation by Janet Freedman, coastal geologist with the R.I. Coastal Resources Management Council, describes some of the erosion threats Rhode Island’s coastal areas are facing, as well as efforts the state is undertaking to help municipalities and property owners address these problems.

Joughin, I., B.E. Smith, B. Medley. (2014) Marine ice sheet collapse potentially under way for the Thwaites Glacier Basin, West Antarctica. Science, 344(6185): 735-38. DOI: 10.1126/science.1249055

Related resources:
Kolbert, E. (2014, May 13) The West Antarctic ice sheet melt: defending the drama. The New Yorkerhttp://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/elements/2014/05/the-west-antarctica-ice-sheet-meltdefending-the-drama.html

Lynch, P. (2014, May 12) The “unstable” West Antarctic ice sheet: a primer. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. http://www.nasa.gov/jpl/news/antarctic-ice-sheet-20140512/

National Aeronautics and Space Administration. IceBridge – Arctic 2014. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/icebridge/index.html#.U3Yd9FPrkT9
IceBridge is the largest airborne survey of Earth’s polar ice ever flown. It will yield an unprecedented three-dimensional view of Arctic and Antarctic ice sheets, ice shelves and sea ice. These flights will provide a yearly, multi-instrument look at the behavior of the rapidly changing features of the Greenland and Antarctic ice.

Rasmussen, C. (2014, May 12) NASA-UCI study indicates loss of West Antarctic glaciers appears unstoppable. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Release 14-131. http://www.nasa.gov/press/2014/may/nasa-uci-study-indicates-loss-of-west-antarctic-glaciers-appearsunstoppable/#.U3EQtMbnDWQ

Rignot, E., J. Mouginot, M. Morlighem, H. Seroussi, and B. Scheuchi. (2014) Widespread, rapid grounding line retreat of Pine Island, Thwaites, Smith and Kohler glaciers, West Antarctica from 1992 to 2011. Geophysical Research Letters. DOI: 10.1002/2014GL060140

Kemp, A.C., and B.P. Horton. (2013) Contribution of relative sea-level rise to historical hurricane flooding in New York City. Journal of Quarternary Science, 28(6): 537-41. DOI: 10.1002/jqs.2653

Lin, N., Emanuel, K., Oppenheimer, M., and E. Vanmarcke. (2012) Physically based assessment of hurricane surge threat under climate change. Nature Climate Change, 2(6): 462-467. http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/v2/n6/abs/nclimate1389.html

Martinich, J., Neumann, J.E., Ludwig, L. and L. Jantarasami. (2012) Risks of sea level rise to disadvantaged communities in the United States. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11027-011-9356-0

Meehl, G.A., et al. (2012) Relative outcomes of climate change mitigation related to global temperature versus sea-level rise. Nature Climate Change, 2(8): 576-580. http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/v2/n8/full/nclimate1529.html

Nicholls, R.J. and A. Cazenave. (2010) Sea-Level Rise and Its Impact on Coastal Zones. Science, 328: 1517-1520. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/328/5985/1517.abstract

Sallenger, A.H., Doran, K.S., and P.A. Howd. (2012) Hotspot of accelerated sea-level rise on the Atlantic coast of North America. Nature Climate Change, 2(12), 884-888. http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/v2/n12/full/nclimate1597.html

Strauss, B.H., Ziemlinski, R., Weiss, J.L., and J.T. Overpeck, (2012) Tidally adjusted estimates of topographic vulnerability to sea level rise and flooding for the contiguous United States. Environmental Research Letters, 7(1): 014033. http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/7/1/014033

Coastal Adaptation & Resilience: Science Resources

Adger, W.N., T.P. Hughes, C. Folke, S.R. Carpenter, and J. Rockstrom. (2005, August) Social-ecological resilience to coastal disasters. Science, 309(5737): 1036-39. DOI: 10.1126/science.1112122

Becker, A.H., et al. (2013, October) A note on climate change adaptation for seaports: a challenge for global ports, a challenge for global society. Climatic Change, 120(4): 683-95. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-013-0843-z

Brewer, J. (2008) New Directions in Climate Change: Vulnerability, Impacts, and Adaptation Assessment.
National Research Council. Retrieved on May 27, 2009 from
http://books.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=12545&page=R1

Cutter, S.L., and M.L. Zoback. (2013) Improving the nation’s resilience to disasters. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 94(9): 89. DOI: 10.1002/2013EO090007

Hinkel, J., et al. (2014) Coastal flood damage and adaptation costs under 21st century sea-level rise. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1222469111 http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2014/01/29/1222469111.abstract

Kirshen, P., Merrill, S., Slovinsky, P., and N. Richardson. (2012) Simplified method for scenario-based risk assessment adaptation planning in the coastal zone. Climatic Change. 113(3-4): 919-931. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-011-0379-z#page-1

Kirshen, P., Knee, K., and M. Ruth. (2008) Climate change and coastal flooding in Metro Boston: impacts and adaptation strategies. Climatic Change. 90(4): 453-473.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-0089398-9#page-1

Kousky, C. (2014) Managing shoreline retreat: a US perspective. Climatic Change, 124(1-2): 9-20. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10584-014-1106-3

Matonse, A.H., D.C. Pierson, A. Frei, M.S. Zion, A. Anandhi, E. Schneiderman, and B. Wright. (2013)
Investigating the impact of climate change on New York City’s primary water supply. Climatic Change, 116(3-4):437-56. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-012-0515-4

Najjar, R.G., et al. (2010) Potential climate change impacts on the Chesapeake Bay. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 86(1): 1-20. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2009.09.026

Smithers, J., and B. Smit. (1997) Human adaptation to climatic variability and change. Global Environmental Change, 7(2): 129-46. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0959-3780(97)00003-4

Tillmann, P. and D. Siemann. (2011) Climate change effects and adaptation approaches in marine and coastal ecosystems of the North Pacific Landscape Conservation Cooperative Region: a compilation of scientific literature (phase I draft final report). National Wildlife Federation.
http://www.nwf.org/pdf/Marine%20Report%20Chapters/NPLCC_Marine_Climate-Effects_DraftFinal_Front-Matter.pdf

Tol, R.S.J., Klein, R.J.T., and R.J. Nicholls. (2008) Towards Successful Adaptation to Sea-Level Rise along Europe’s Coasts. Journal of Coastal Research, 24(2): 432-442. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.2112/07A0016.1

Tollefson, J. (2013, February) New York vs. the sea. Nature, 494: 162-4. http://www.seagrant.sunysb.edu/media/sandy12/NatureMagazine-Sandy021413.pdf

Tompkins, E.L., and W.N. Adger. (2004) Does adaptive management of natural resources enhance resilience to climate change? Ecology and Society, 9(2): 10.
https://www.seachangecop.org/sites/default/files/documents/2004%2011%20RA%20Adaptive%20NRM% 20and%20Climate%20Change%20Resilience.pdf

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Least Developed Countries National Adaptation Plans.
http://unfccc.int/adaptation/workstreams/national_adaptation_plans/items/6057.php
Detailed information on adaptation plans and planning processes for Least Developed Countries.

Watts, R.G. (2013) Engineering response to climate change. CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL.
http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=DvSV1oQD2JsC&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=climate+change+ maryland&ots=7JJaVmG1-e&sig=52-5Y4ztSSfS-Qq5kyRvHYGKwXw#v=onepage&q=climate%20change%20maryland&f=false

Wilby, R.L. and R. Keenan. (2012) Adapting to flood risk under climate change. Prog in Phys Oc., 36: 348-378. DOI: 10.1177/0309133312438908

Climate Change Adaptation: Journalism Resources

Browner, C.M. (2013, August 18) The importance of Maryland’s leadership on climate change. The Baltimore Sunhttp://articles.baltimoresun.com/2013-08-18/news/bs-ed-browner-omalley-climate-change20130818_1_carbon-pollution-climate-change-maryland

Gillis, J. (2014, January 13) Tide gauges needed for research are often victims of storms. The New York Timeshttp://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/14/science/tide-gauges-needed-for-research-are-often-victims-ofstorms.html?action=click&contentCollection=Environment&module=RelatedCoverage&region=Marginalia& pgtype=article

Glass, D. (2014, May 27) The future of evacuations in the climate change era. CityLabhttp://www.citylab.com/cityfixer/2014/05/the-future-of-evacuations-in-the-climate-change-era/371584/

Goodell, J. (2013, June 20) Goodbye, Miami: Why the city of Miami is doomed to drown. Rolling Stonehttp://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/why-the-city-of-miami-is-doomed-to-drown-20130620

Gose, B. (2013, May 14) Rockefeller Pledges $100-Million to Help 100 Cities Cope With Crises. The Chronicle of Philanthropy. http://philanthropy.com/article/Rockefeller-Pledges/139231/?cid=pt&utm_source=pt&utm_medium=en  

Jaffe, E. (2013, May 2). Why Sewage Plants Are Especially Vulnerable to Climate Change. Atlantic Cities.
http://www.theatlanticcities.com/jobs-and-economy/2013/05/why-sewage-plants-are-especially-vulnerableclimate-change/5464/ 

Klinenberg, E. (2013, January 7) Adaptation: How can cities be “climate-proofed?”. The New Yorker, pp. 32-37.
http://www.uri.edu/sustainability/documents/Klinenberg%20Adaptation.pdf

Lascher, B. (2014, January 20) The next generation of infrastructure: Building for hotter, wetter, stormier cities. Next Cityhttp://nextcity.org/forefront/view/the-next-generation-of-infrastructure

Life After Sandy. Series on WNYChttp://www.wnyc.org/series/life-after-sandy/

Marshall, B. (2013, February 21) New research: Louisiana coast faces highest rate of sea-level rise worldwide. The Lenshttp://thelensnola.org/2013/02/21/new-research-louisiana-coast-faces-highest-rate-of-sea-level-riseon-the-planet/

Oakes, B. (2013, August 23) As climate changes, urban planners help cities adapt. WBURhttp://www.wbur.org/2012/08/23/cities-adapt-climate-change

Plumer, B. (2014, May 22) Should we try to fight rising sea levels – or abandon the coasts? Vox.
http://www.vox.com/2014/5/22/5735144/rising-sea-levels-abandoning-the-coasts

Porter, E. (2013, May 14) For Insurers, No Doubts on Climate Change. The New York Timeshttp://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/15/business/insurers-stray-from-the-conservative-line-on-climatechange.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0 

Vinhateiro, N. (2008, September 11) Mapping technology needed to assess risk of sea level rise. South County Independenthttp://www.ci.uri.edu/ciip/Publications/Vinhateiro_SCInd_OpEd.pdf

Walsh, B. (2013, October 1) The hard math of flood insurance in a warming world. Time http://science.time.com/2013/10/01/the-hard-math-of-flood-insurance-in-a-warming-world/

Weeks, J. (2013, February 22) Coastal Development. The CQ Researcher, 23(8): 181-204.
http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/document.php?id=cqresrre2013022200&PHPSESSID=vsj5ag4s6lo2 vaqdc84i4169n2

Zolli, A. (2012) Good-bye Sustainability, Hello Resilience. Conservation Magazine (Reprint). http://www.conservationmagazine.org/2013/03/good-bye-sustainability-hello-resilience/

Climate Change Adaptation: Public Policy Resources

The Bay Institute. The Horizontal Levee. http://bay.org/bay-restoration/the-horizontal-levee
“The Horizontal Levee, The Bay Institute’s groundbreaking study about the economic value of tidal marshes, demonstrates conclusively that nature performs critical functions for society. During the current era of sea level rise, the forgotten marshlands of San Francisco Bay have become a critical adaptation tool.”

Carmin, J., Nadkarni, N., and C. Rhie. (2012) Progress and Challenges in Urban Climate Adaption Planning: Results of a Global Survey. MIT. http://web.mit.edu/jcarmin/www/urbanadapt/Urban%20Adaptation%20Report%20FINAL.pdf

C-Change. Canada-Caribbean Coastal Climate Adaptation Strategies. http://www.coastalchange.ca/

Farhat Kassab, S. (2013, March 7) Is the U.S. Insurance Industry Prepared for Climate Change? Analysis of first-ever industry-wide survey finds that only 23 of 184 companies have comprehensive climate change strategies, yet some leaders are emerging. Skoll Foundation.
http://www.skollfoundation.org/is-the-u-sinsurance-industry-prepared-for-climate-change-analysis-of-first-ever-industry-wide-survey-finds-that-only-23of-184-companies-have-comprehensive-climate-change-strategies-yet-some-leade/

GAO. (2013, April 12). Climate Change: Future Federal Adaptation Efforts Could Better Support Local Infrastructure Decision Makers. GAO-13-242, April 12. http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-242

Georgetown Climate Center. State and Local Adaptation Plans.
http://www.georgetownclimate.org/node/3324?page=1 

Morello, L. (2013) Poll finds U.S. support for adaption to climate change. Naturehttp://blogs.nature.com/news/2013/03/poll-finds-americans-favor-adaptation-to-climate-change.html

New York City Panel on Climate Change. (2010) Climate change adaptation in New York City: building a risk management response. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1196: 1-354. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/nyas.2010.1196.issue-1/issuetoc

Neumann, J.E., Hudgens, D.E., Herter, J. and J. Martinich. (2010) The economics of adaptation along developed coastlines. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews (WIREs) Climate Change, 2(1): 89-98. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.90/full

Olcott, C., and E. Penn. (2013) Adaptive Planning for Flooding and Coastal Change in Virginia: Legal and Policy Issues for Local Government. Virginia Coastal Policy Clinic.
http://law.wm.edu/academics/programs/jd/electives/clinics/vacoastal/docs/adaptive%20planning%20confe rence%20documents/finalreport.pdf

Polefka, S. (2013, December 12) Moving out of harm’s way. Center for American Progress.
http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/green/report/2013/12/12/81046/moving-out-of-harmsway/?elqIsAgent=True&elq=e471c18ce97c44bc8f4f59168e2a424b

PopTech. Climate Resilience Lab Resources. http://poptech.org/climate_lab_resources
The CRLR is “exploring innovation at the intersection of community resilience, climate change, and the empowerment of girls and women.”

Project on Integrated Maritime Policy in the Mediterranean. Partner Country: Israel. http://www.impmed.eu/En/israel_26_pp

Rosenzweig, et al. (2011) Developing coastal adaptation to climate change in the New York City infrastructureshed: Process, approach, tools, and strategies. Climatic Change, 106, 93-127. http://pubs.giss.nasa.gov/abs/ro06110e.html

Sanchez-Rodriguez, R., Fragkias, M., and W. Solecki. (2008) Urban Responses to Climate Change: A Workshop Report. Urbanization and Global Environmental Change, IHDP. http://ccsl.iccip.net/ur2cc.pdf

Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment. (2013). Americans Back Preparation for Extreme Weather and Sea Level Rise.
http://woods.stanford.edu/news-events/news/americans-back-preparation-extreme-weatherand-sea-level-rise

Swart, R., R. Biesbroek, S. Binnerup, T.R. Carter, C. Cowan, T. Henrichs, S. Loquen, H. Mela, M. Morecroft, M. Reese and D. Rey. (2009) Europe Adapts to Climate Change: Comparing National Adaptation Strategies.
PEER Report No 1. Helsinki: Partnership for European Environmental Research. http://www.peer.eu/fileadmin/user_upload/publications/PEER_Report1.pdf

Tompkins, C.F. (2013) Coastal communities in Virginia lead the way on climate change. World Resources Institute. http://www.wri.org/blog/coastal-communities-virginia-lead-way-local-climate-action

Tulou. C. (2009) Resilient Coasts: A Blueprint for Action. The Heinz Center, Washington DC. https://www.travelers.com/about-us/docs/ResilientCoastsBlueprint.pdf

USAID. (2009, May). Adapting to Coastal Climate Change: A Guidebook for Development Planners. United States Agency for International Development.
http://www.crc.uri.edu/download/CoastalAdaptationGuide.pdf

U.S. EPA. Climate Change Impacts and Adapting to Change. http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/impactsadaptation/

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Federal and EPA Adaptation Plans.  http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/impacts-adaptation/fed-programs.html
Lists a variety of U.S. adaptation plans developed by the EPA and across agencies.

U.S. Geological Survey. Sea-level Rise Hazards and Decision Support.
http://wh.er.usgs.gov/slr/index.html

U.S. Government Accountability Office. (2013, February 14) GAO Adds Financial risks of Climate Change and Gaps in Weather Satellite to “High Risk List”. GAO-13-242. http://www.gao.gov/press/high_risk_additions_2013feb14.htm

U.S. Government Accountability Office. (2013, April 12) Climate Change: Future Federal Adaptation Efforts Could Better Support Local Infrastructure Decision Makers. GAO. http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13242

Urban, M.C., De Meester, L., Vellend, M., Stoks, R., and J. Vanoverbeke. (2012) A crucial step toward realism: responses to climate change from an evolving metacommunity perspective. Evoluationary Applications, 5(2): 154167. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3353337/

Wagner, M., N. Chhetri, and M. Sturm. (2014) Adaptive capacity in light of Hurricane Sandy: the need for policy engagement. Applied Geography, 50: 15-23. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2014.01.009

The White House Council on Environmental Quality. (2010, October 5) Progress Report of the Interagency Climate Change Adaptation Task Force: Recommended Actions in Support of a National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy. http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ceq/Interagency-ClimateChange-Adaptation-Progress-Report.pdf

State Coastal Zone Management Programs

California Coastal Commission. http://www.coastal.ca.gov/

Delaware Coastal Management Program. http://www.dnrec.delaware.gov/coastal/Pages/CoastalMgt.aspx

Maryland Chesapeake and Coastal Service. http://www.dnr.state.md.us/ccs/index.asp

Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management. http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/czm/

New York Office of Ocean and Coastal Management. http://coastalmanagement.noaa.gov/mystate/ny.html

Rhode Island Coastal Resources Management Council. http://www.crmc.ri.gov/

Virginia Coastal Zone Management. http://www.deq.state.va.us/programs/coastalzonemanagement.aspx

Washington State Coastal Zone Management. http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/sea/czm/prgm.html

Tools, Databases, & Useful Organizations

Adaptation Learning Mechanism. http://www.adaptationlearning.net/about
Works to provide a common global platform for climate change adaptation strategies.

El Salvador Profile: http://www.adaptationlearning.net/country-profiles/sv

Israel Profile: http://www.adaptationlearning.net/country-profiles/il

Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network. http://www.acccrn.org/

Center for Integrative Environmental Research. http://cier.umd.edu/research-adaptation.html

Climate Communication Consortium of Maryland. http://www.climatemaryland.org/

CoastAdapt. http://coastadapt.org/

COINAtlantic. Coastal and Ocean Information Network. http://coinatlantic.ca/

Columbia University Law School Center for Climate Change Law. http://web.law.columbia.edu/climatechange

Community & Regional Resilience Institute. http://www.resilientus.org/

Consortium for Climate Impacts in the Urban Northeast. http://www.ccrun.org/

Evacuteer.org http://evacuteer.org/
Evacuteer recruits and trains New Orleanians to assist in the event of a future evacuation.

Federal Emergency Management Agency. National Flood Insurance Program. http://www.fema.gov/nationalflood-insurance-program

Gulf Coast Center for Evacuation and Transportation Resiliency. http://www.evaccenter.lsu.edu/

Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Climate Change Impact Area Mapper.
http://www.dnr.state.md.us/climatechange/mapper.asp

NatureServe. EBM Tools Network – Tools for Coastal Climate Adaptation Planning. https://connect.natureserve.org/toolkit/ebm-tool-network/climate-adaptation-planning-tools

New York City Panel on Climate Change. (2013) Climate risk information 2013: observations, climate change projections, and maps. http://www.nyc.gov/html/planyc2030/downloads/pdf/npcc_climate_risk_information_2013_report.pdf

NOAA. Digital Coast. NOAA Coastal Services Center. http://www.csc.noaa.gov/digitalcoast/

NOAA Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management. http://coastalmanagement.noaa.gov/

NOAA. State of the Coast. This site compiles data, maps, and other resources about a variety of coastal issues, including climate change, ecosystems, economy, and communities. http://stateofthecoast.noaa.gov/

Puckett, C. (2013, December 10) What are future climate projections for precipitation and temperature for your county? USGS website lets you see. U.S. Geological Survey.
http://www.usgs.gov/newsroom/article.asp?ID=3745&from=rss_home#.UyMSD7xOXIW

Stormsmart Coasts. http://ri.stormsmart.org/

Surging Seas: A Project of Climate Central. http://sealevel.climatecentral.org/

U.S. Climate Change Policy Action at the State Level
http://www.c2es.org/what_s_being_done/in_the_states/state_legislation.cfm
This list, compiled by the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions, provides links to climate change legislation, statewide climate change commissions, and climate action plans around the U.S. The list is not exhaustive, but provides a good starting point for additional information.

weAdapt. http://weadapt.org/
“An online ‘open space’ on climate adaptation issues and synergies with mitigation which allows practitioners, researchers and policy makers to access credible, high quality information and to share experiences and lessons learnt.”

El Salvador: http://weadapt.org/knowledge-base/community-based-adaptation/community-based-adaptationin-el-salvador


Resources for Thursday, June 5, 2014

Paleoclimate and Ocean Acidification: Science Resources

Barker, S. & Ridgwell, A. (2012) Ocean Acidification. Nature Education Knowledge 3(10): 21 http://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/ocean-acidification-25822734

Braconnot, P., et al. (2012) Evaluation of climate models using paleoclimate data. Nature Climate Change, 2: 417-424. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1456

Cheung, W., et al. (2010) Large-scale redistribution of maximum fisheries catch potential in the global ocean under climate change. Global Change Biology, 16: 24-35.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.01995.x/abstract

Collins, S. (2012) Marine microbiology: evolution on acid. Nature Geoscience, 5:310-11.
DOI: 10.1038/ngeo1461

Cronin, T., et al. (2014) Climatic variability in the eastern United States over the past millennium from Chesapeake Bay sediments. Geology, 28(1): 3-6. DOI: 10.1130/0091-7613(2000)28<3:CVITEU>2.0.CO;2

Doney, S.C. and D. Schimel. (2007) Climate Change and Biogeochemical Impacts. eLS. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9780470015902.a0003242.pub2/abstract

Fabry, V.J., B.A. Seibel, R.A. Feely, and J.C. Orr. (2008) Impacts of ocean acidification on marine fauna and ecosystem processes. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 65: 414–432.

Fabry, V.J., et al. (2009) Ocean acidification at high latitudes: the bellwether. Oceanography, 22(4): 160-171. http://www.tos.org/oceanography/archive/22-4_fabry.html

Feely, R., et al. (2009) Ocean acidification: present conditions and future changes in a high-CO2 world. Oceanography, 22(4): 36-47. http://www.tos.org/oceanography/archive/22-4_feely.html

Henderson, G., et al. (209) Improving future climate prediction using paleoclimate data. The Leverhulme Climate Symposium 2008 – Earth’s Climate: Past, Present and Future, White Paper. 34 pp. http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/69326/2/PaleoClimateWhitePaper.pdf?q=palaeoclimate

Hofmann GE, Evans TG, Kelly MW, Padilla-Gamino JL, Blanchette CA, Washburn L, Chan F, McManus MA, Menge BA, Gaylord B et al..  2013.  Exploring local adaptation and the ocean acidification seascape–studies in the California Current Large Marine Ecosystem. Biogeosciences Discussions. 10: 11825–11856. http://www.biogeosciences-discuss.net/10/11825/2013/bgd-10-11825-2013.pdf

IGBP, IOC, SCOR (2013). Ocean Acidification Summary for Policymakers – Third Symposium on the Ocean in a High-CO2 World. International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, Stockholm, Sweden.
http://www.igbp.net/download/18.30566fc6142425d6c91140a/1385975160621/OA_sp m2-FULL-lorez.pdf

Kelly, M. W. and Hofmann, G. E. (2013) Adaptation and the physiology of ocean acidification.
Functional Ecology, 27: 980–990. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2012.02061.x

Kroeker, K.J., R.L. Kordas, R. Crim, I.E. Hendriks, L. Ramajo, G.S. Singh, C.M. Duarte, and J.-P. Gattuso. (2013), Impacts of ocean acidification on marine organisms: quantifying sensitivities and interaction with warming. Global Change Biology, 19: 1884–1896. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12179

Kump, L.R., Brawlower, T.J., and A. Ridgwell. (2009, December) Ocean Acidification in Deep Time. Oceanography, 22(4): 94-107. http://www.tos.org/oceanography/archive/22-4_kump.pdf 

NASA. Paleoclimatology: the Oxygen Balance. Earth Observatory.
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Paleoclimatology_OxygenBalance/
Concise description of the use of oxygen isotopes to understand paleoclimate.

NOAA. Ocean Carbon Uptake: How the oceans absorb carbon dioxide is critical for predicting climate change. PMEL Carbon Program.
http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/co2/story/Ocean+Carbon+Uptake 

NOAA. What is Ocean Acidification? PMEL Carbon Program.
http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/co2/story/What+is+Ocean+Acidification%3F

Ocean Leadership. (2012, December 10) IODP Expedition 342, The Documentary!
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A3ot11rBYXM 

Pälike, H., et al. (2012, August 30) A Cenozoic record of the equatorial Pacific carbonate compensation depth.  Nature, 488: 609-614.
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v488/n7413/full/nature11360.html?WT.ec_id=NATUR E-20120830

Rivest EB, Chen C-S, Fan T-Y, Li H-H, Edmunds PJ, Hofmann GE.  2013.  Energetic consequences of ocean acidification and warming for coral larvae. Integrative and Comparative Biology. 53:E360–E360.

Rutherford, S. and S. D’Hondt. (2000) Early onset and tropical forcing of 100,000-year Pleistocene glacial cycles. Nature, 408: 72-75. DOI: 10.1038/35040533.

Wittmann, A.C. and H.O. Portner. (2013) Sensitivities of extant animal taxa to ocean acidification.
Nature Climate Change, 3: 995–1001. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1982

Zeebe, R.E., Zachos, J.C., Caldeira, K., and T. Tyrrell. (2008) Carbon Emissions and Acidification.
Science, 321(5885): 51-52. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/321/5885/51.short

Ocean Acidification: Journalism Resources

Alexander-Bloch, B. (2014, May 28) Seafood industry under threat from climate change and ocean acidification, report states. The Times-Picayune.
http://www.nola.com/environment/index.ssf/2014/05/seafood_industry_under_threat.html

Friederici, P. (2013) A Key Experiment to Probe the Future of Our Acidifying Oceans. Environment 360http://e360.yale.edu/feature/a_key_experiment_to_probe_the_future_of_our_acidifying_oceans/ 2644/

Grossman, E. (2013, February 7) What does ocean acidification mean for sea life? Ensiahttp://ensia.com/features/what-does-ocean-acidification-mean-for-sea-life/?viewAll=1

Kirby, A. (2013, December 30) Shellfish face uncertainty as oceans become warmer. Climate News Networkhttp://www.climatenewsnetwork.net/2013/12/researchers-study-shellfish-success/

Kunzig, R. (2011) Hothouse Earth – World Without Ice. National Geographic Magazine.
http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/10/hothouse-earth/kunzig-text

Mooney, C. (2013). The Hockey Stick: The Most Controversial Chart in Science, Explained. The Atlantichttp://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2013/05/the-hockey-stick-the-mostcontroversial-chart-in-science-explained/275753/

Morton, J. (2014, February 25) Ocean acidification: The basics. KQED Quest. http://science.kqed.org/quest/2014/02/25/ocean-acidification-the-basics/

Veneziano, S. (2014, January 13) Ocean acidification bill wins broad public support. Boothbay Register. http://www.boothbayregister.com/article/ocean-acidification-bill-wins-broad-publicsupport/27020

Welch, C. (2013) Sea Change. The Seattle Timeshttp://apps.seattletimes.com/reports/seachange/2013/sep/11/pacific-ocean-perilous-turn-overview/

Science Translation

Bednarsek, N., R.A. Feely, J.C.P. Reum, B. Peterson, J. Menkel, S.R. Alin, and B. Hales. (2014) Limacina helicina shell dissolution as an indicator of declining habitat suitability owing to ocean acidification in the California Current Ecosystem. Proc Roy Soc B, 28: 20140123. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2014.0123.

Blanchard, J.L., et al. (2012) Potential consequences of climate change for primary production and fish production in large marine ecosystems. Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. B, 367: 2979-2989. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2012.0231.

Dornelas, M., N.J. Gotelli, B. McGill, H. Shimadzu, F. Moyes, C. Sievers, and A.E. Magurran. (2014) Assemblage time series reveal biodiversity change but not systematic loss. 344: 296-299.
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/344/6181/296

Ruff, T.W., and J.D. Neelin. (2012, February 25) Long tails in regional surface temperature probability distributions with implications for extremes under global warming. Geophysical Research Letters. 39: 1-6. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2011GL050610/abstract

Smetacek, V., et al. (2012) Deep carbon export from a Southern Ocean iron-fertilized diatom bloom. Nature, 487: 313-319. DOI: 10.1038/nature11229

Tools, Databases, and Useful Organizations

Biological Impacts of Ocean Acidification (BIOACID). http://www.bioacid.de/
This German research program aims to better understand the chain of ocean acidification impacts from biological mechanisms, through individual organism responses, through food web and ecosystem effects, to economic impacts. The site features publications and other resources.

Calcium in a Changing Environment (CACHE). http://www.cache-itn.eu/
CACHE is a €3.6M Marie Curie Initial Training Network (ITN) funded by the People Program (Marie Curie Actions) of the European Union’s Seventh Framework program. Its vision is to push forward our understanding of calcium production in the marine environment.

D’Hondt Lab, URI Grad. School of Oceanography.
http://www.gso.uri.edu/dhondtlab/Welcome_to_the_DHondt_Lab.html

National Science Foundation. Ocean Acidification funding.
http://www.nsf.gov/funding/pgm_summ.jsp?pims_id=503477
Scroll to the bottom to find a link to recently funded projects.

NOAA National Geophysical Data Center. Index to Marine and Lacustrine Geological Samples.
http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/curator/cursrch.HTML

NOAA National Oceanographic Data Center.  World Ocean Database.
http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/oceanacidification/stewardship/wod_data.html

NOAA Ocean Acidification Program. http://oceanacidification.noaa.gov/

Ocean Acidification International Reference User Group (OA-iRUG).
http://www.iaea.org/ocean-acidification/page.php?page=2198
“…launched as part of the European Project on Ocean Acidification (EPOCA) in 2008 as a key means of conveying the scientific results coming out of the project to non-scientific audiences and science end-users, in particular policy and decision makers.”

Robinson Lab, URI Grad. School of Oceanography.  http://www.gso.uri.edu/robinsonlab/Welcome.html

U.S. Geological Survey St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center. Research on ocean acidification in polar, temperate, subtropical, and tropical regions.
http://coastal.er.usgs.gov/ocean-acidification/

University of Alaska, Fairbanks. Ocean Acidification Research Center.
https://www.sfos.uaf.edu/oarc/

University of California Ocean Acidification Consortium. http://oceanacidification.msi.ucsb.edu/

URI Graduate School of Oceanography Marine Geological Samples Lab.
http://www.gso.uri.edu/marine-geological-samples-laboratory


Resources for Friday, June 6, 2014

Probabilities and Statistics: Climate Science Resources

Budescu, D.V., H. Por, S.B. Broomell, and M. Smithson. (2014) The interpretation of IPCC probabilistic statements around the world. Nature Climate Change. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2194

Cook, J., et al. (2013) Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the scientific literature. Environmental Research Letters, 8(2): 024024. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/2/024024

Lewandowsky, S., J.S. Risbey, M. Smithson, B.R. Newell, and J. Hunter. (2014) Scientific uncertainty and climate change: Part I. Uncertainty and unabated emissions. Climatic Change, 124(1-2): 21-37.
DOI: 10.1007/s10584-014-1082-7

Lewandowsky, S., J.S. Risbey, M. Smithson, and B.R. Newell. (2014) Scientific uncertainty and climate change: Part II. Uncertainty and mitigation. Climatic Change, 124(1-2): 39-52. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-0141083-6

Painter, J. (2013) Climate Change in the Media: Reporting risk and uncertainty. Published by I.B.Tauris & Co. Ltd in association with the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, University of Oxford,  21pp. https://reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/fileadmin/documents/Publications/Challenges/Climate_Change_ in_the_Media.pdf

Translating Climate Science

Aklin, M. and J. Urpelainen. (2014, May 22) How (not) to talk about climate change. The Washington Posthttp://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey-cage/wp/2014/05/22/how-not-to-communicateuncertainty-about-climate-change/

Benestad, R. (2013, December 6) A failure in communicating the impact of new findings. Real Climate.
http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2013/12/a-failure-in-communicating-the-impact-of-newfindings/#more-16476

Caponecchia, C. (2007) Strategies for the effective communication of probabilities. Report prepared for ACERA and Biosecurity Australia. http://www.acera.unimelb.edu.au/materials/endorsed/0608.pdf

Handmer, J. and B. Proudley. (2007) Communicating uncertainty via probabilities: the case of weather forecasts. Environmental Hazards, 7: 79-87.
http://www.glerl.noaa.gov/seagrant/ClimateChangeWhiteboard/Resources/Uncertainty/climatech/hand mer07PR.pdf

Mooney, C. (2014, April 29) Study: it is “very likely” that scientists are confusing us about global warming. Mother Jones. http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2014/04/ipcc-global-warming-doubtpsychology

Data Journalism

Bouchart , M. Data Journalism Blog. http://www.datajournalismblog.com/about/

Google Earth Workbook. This is a handy how-to manual for customizing Google Maps. http://geoworkshops.earthoutreach.org/bioneers2008/GoogleEarthOutreachTraining.pdf

IBM Research and the IBM Cognos Software Group. Many Eyes. (Can be used to create quick graphics just by cutting and pasting.) http://www-958.ibm.com/software/data/cognos/manyeyes/

Gray, Jonathan, Liliana Bounegru and Lucy Chambers, eds. (2011). The Data Journalism Handbook. Open Knowledge Foundation. Distributed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license.
http://datajournalismhandbook.org/1.0/en/index.html

McGhee, G. (2012) Journalism in the Age of Data. Stanford Knight Center.
http://datajournalism.stanford.edu/

Method, J. (2008) The Benefits of Computer-Assisted Reporting. Fall 2008.
http://www.nieman.harvard.edu/reportsitem.aspx?id=100454

Meyers, S. (2009) Using Data Visualization as a Reporting Tool Can Reveal Story’s Shape. Poynter Online. April 14, 2009.  http://www.poynter.org/latest-news/top-stories/95154/using-data-visualization-as-areporting-tool-can-reveal-storys-shape/

National Institute of Computer-Assisted Reporting. Investigative Reporters and Editors. http://www.ire.org/nicar/
(A lot of the action in this seminal community can be accessed via the NICAR-L listserv at http://bit.ly/MkX2Rv.)

Overview Project. http://overview.ap.org/

Thibodeaux. T. (2011) 5 Tips For Getting Started In Data Journalism. Poynter Institute. October 6, 2011.
http://www.poynter.org/how-tos/digital-strategies/147734/5-tips-for-getting-started-in-data-journalism/

Williams, M. (2009) Beyond Google: From Better Searches to Invisible Web.

Wilson, K. (2013, May 14) Data Journalism: GIJN’s Global Guide to Resources. Global Investigative Journalism Network. http://gijn.org/2013/05/14/data-journalism-a-resource-guide/

Tools, Databases, and Other Useful Organizations

Borenstein, S. Math for reporters and editors (Powerpoint presentation).
www.sej.org/sites/default/files/math-for-reporters.ppt

Kolata, G. (1997) Review of “A Mathematician Reads the Newspaper.” Notices of the AMS, 43(3): 314-316.
http://www.ams.org/notices/199603/comm-kolata.pdf

Kille, L.W. (2013, October 25) Statistical terms used in research studies: a primer for media. Journalist’s Resource, Harvard Kennedy School Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics, and Public Policy.
http://journalistsresource.org/reference/research/statistics-for-journalists/#

Easy Sign Up





Follow me on Twitter